Transport and infrastructure in Namibia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Namibia with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Namibia ranks 6th in the world with 1.02 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,628 kilometers long.

Airports in Namibia

Back to overview: Namibia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 48,875 km. For each of the country's 2.59 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 18.89 meters. This puts Namibia in 27th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 3 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 762 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Namibia is considered very dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 32.0 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Namibia, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. This regulation was enforced in January 1st, 1970. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways48,900 km18,890.03 km59.29 m
Railroads2,600 km1,015.71 km3.19 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors145.410.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Namibia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in NamibiaThe 9 biggest airports and Namibia in Namibia with further information and data
Namibia: ClimateClimate details in NamibiaA climate analysis for Namibia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing