Energy sources in Namibia

Energy consumption in Namibia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Namibia is the total consumption of
4.07 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,607 kWh.

Namibia can partly be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is one bn kWh. That is 26 percent of the country's own usage. The rest of the needed energy is imported from foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Namibia

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption4.07 bn kWh1,606.77 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production1.04 bn kWh410.00 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import3.42 bn kWh1,350.51 kWh185.15 kWh
Export119.00 m kWh47.03 kWh42.59 kWh

56.3% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 36.3%

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total4.22 m t1.72 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline3.76 bn t1,538.43 t7,179.51 t
› of which coal66.00 m t26.98 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Namibia

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Namibia
in Namibia
per capita
in Namibia
per capita
Fossil fuels341.99 m kWh6,1 %59,9 %135.17 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy263.50 m kWh4,7 %3,2 %104.14 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power28.03 m kWh0,5 %8,3 %11.08 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power4.98 bn kWh88,8 %7,0 %1,967.66 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass0.00 kWh0,0 %1,7 %0.00 kWh0.06 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 100.10 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 30.7 percent of actual total consumption in Namibia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1991 to 2019:

Renewable energy Namibia
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Mauritius: cyclonesMost recent cyclones in MauritiusOverview of current and the most severe 20 cyclones of the past years for Mauritius