Natural gas and oil in Mauritania

Energy consumption in Mauritania

The most important figure in the energy balance of Mauritania is the total consumption of
1.06 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 222 kWh.
Mauritania can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is one bn kWh, also 108% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.
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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption1.06 bn kWh221.77 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production1.14 bn kWh238.53 kWh12,338.29 kWh

47.3% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 3.1%
Crude OilBarrel/dayMauritania
per capita
per capita
Production4,000.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.033 bbl
Export5,333.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 20.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Mauritania. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1,620 bn billion barrels. Mauritania therefore has a share of 0.001% and ranks 83rd out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total3.95 m t0.87 t14.67 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country
Carbon footprint Mauritania

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.
In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.
Energy sourcetotal
in Mauritania
in Mauritania
per capita
in Mauritania
per capita
Fossil fuels3.18 bn kWh65,0 %70,0 %665.38 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power782.09 m kWh16,0 %7,0 %163.79 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy977.62 m kWh20,0 %14,0 %204.73 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity4.89 bn kWh-100,0 %1,023.66 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production1.14 bn kWh23.3 %43.0 %238.53 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 101.00 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.
In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 24.7 percent of actual total consumption in Mauritania. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:
Renewable energy Mauritania
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
United States: EarthquakeRecent earthquakes and their magnitudes in the United StatesEarthquakes and their intensities in the United States