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The climate in Libya

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 23 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 730m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Libya
Climate zone: Subtropics of the northern hemisphere
In 9 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 28 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Sha'biyat Ghat. The coldest is Darnah.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Libya
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Libya
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Libya
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Libya
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Libya
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Libya
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Libya

Regions in Libya

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
RegionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
Precipitation
Al Jufrah30.2 °C15.2 °C3,504 h5 15 l
Al Kufrah31.2 °C17.3 °C3,796 h2 0 l
Al Marqab26.1 °C17.4 °C3,066 h46 299 l
An Nuqat al Khams25.3 °C17.1 °C3,066 h26 201 l
Banghazi25.6 °C15.9 °C3,358 h35 252 l
Darnah23.2 °C16.5 °C2,957 h42 343 l
Misratah26.6 °C16.2 °C3,212 h31 219 l
Sabha30.6 °C16.4 °C3,577 h4 11 l
Sha'biyat al Butnan26.8 °C16.7 °C3,431 h18 172 l
Sha'biyat al Jabal al Gharbi24.1 °C15.3 °C3,176 h31 307 l
Sha'biyat al Wahat29.6 °C16.9 °C3,431 h6 37 l
Sha'biyat Ghat33.6 °C17.8 °C3,431 h6 37 l
Sha'biyat Nalut27.7 °C15.4 °C3,468 h11 84 l
Sha'biyat Wadi al Hayat32.1 °C16.7 °C3,541 h2 11 l
Surt26.6 °C16.9 °C3,212 h24 161 l
Tripoli27.6 °C15.2 °C3,103 h28 223 l

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to September 2022 was reported by the Jalo weather station. In June 2010 the record temperature of 48.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 25 weather stations in Libya below 730 metres altitude, was recorded in 2002 with an average temperature of 31.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.5 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Gariat El Sharghia. Here the temperature dropped to -4.5 °C in January 2019. Gariat El Sharghia lies at an altitude of 497 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1992 with an average temperature of 12.3 °C. In Libya, it is usual to have about 2.4 degrees more at 14.6 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in January 1991. With 12.3 mm per day, the Derna weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Tripoli International Airport. The driest region is near Kufra Airp.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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