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The climate in Libya

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 26 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 730m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Libya

Climate zone: Subtropics of the northern hemisphere

For 9 months, the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 28 degrees even invite you to bathe in the warm season. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Fezzan. The coldest is Tripolitania.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Libya
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Libya
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Libya
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Libya
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Libya
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Libya
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Libya

Regions in Libya

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

RegionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
PrecipitationHumidity
Fezzan31.4 °C16.3 °C3,541 h5 15 l33.0 %
Cyrenaica28.4 °C16.7 °C3,504 h14 106 l52.0 %
Tripolitania26.8 °C16.0 °C3,249 h22 168 l56.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to September 2022 was reported by the Jalo weather station. In June 2010, the record temperature of 48.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 25 weather stations in Libya below 730 meters altitude, was recorded in 2002 with an average temperature of 31.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.5 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the Gariat El Sharghia weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -4.5 °C in January 2019. Gariat El Sharghia lies at an altitude of 497 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1992 with an average temperature of 12.3 °C. In Libya, it is usual to have about 2.4 degrees more at 14.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in January 1991. With 12.3 mm per day, the Derna weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Tripoli Airport. The driest region is near Kufra.




Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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