Transport and infrastructure in Ghana

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Ghana with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Ghana ranks 119th in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 947 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 539 km of coastline. In 2020, about 1.05 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Ghana

Back to overview: Ghana

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 109,515 km. For each of the country's 31.73 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.45 meters. This puts Ghana in 135th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 133 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 7048 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Ghana is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 24.5 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Ghana, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced on August 4th, 1974. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways109,500 km3,451.23 km459.11 m
Railroads900 km29.84 km3.97 m
Waterways1,293 km40.75 km5.42 m
Commercial harbors511.610.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Ghana: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in GhanaThe 5 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Ghana with further information and data
Ghana: ClimateClimate details in GhanaA climate analysis for Ghana incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing