Transport and infrastructure in the Gambia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Gambia with the average of all countries in Africa. In many places, the traffic routes show considerable deficiencies and are often not in a particularly good condition.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 80 km of coastline. In 2019, about 71,469.72 freight containers were transported.

Airports in the Gambia

Back to overview: Gambia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 2,977 km. For each of the country's 2.64 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.13 meters. This puts Gambia in 196th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 234 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 661 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in the Gambia is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 28.2 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In the Gambia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced on October 1st, 1965. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,000 km1,127.69 km263.45 m
Railroads0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Waterways390 km147.73 km34.51 m
Commercial harbors83.030.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9055.670.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Gambia: AirportsThe Banjul International Airport (BJL) in the GambiaBanjul International Airport - the only public airport in the Gambia
Gambia: ClimateClimate details in the GambiaA climate analysis for Gambia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing