Transport and infrastructure in Gabon

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Gabon with the average of all countries in Africa. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Gabon ranks 46th in the world with 0.35 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 810 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 409.00 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 87.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2020.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 885 km of coastline. In 2020, about 180,000 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Gabon

Back to overview: Gabon

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 14,300 km. For each of the country's 2.34 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 6.11 meters. This puts Gabon in 92nd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 9 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 495 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Gabon is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 23.4 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Gabon, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,300 km6,108.03 km53.42 m
Railroads800 km345.98 km3.03 m
Waterways1,600 km683.42 km5.98 m
Commercial harbors6226.480.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Gabon: AirportsThe 9 airports in GabonThe 9 biggest airports in Gabon
Gabon: ClimateClimate details in GabonA climate analysis for Gabon incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing