Volcanoes in Cameroon

With 2 volcanoes in Cameroon there have been a total of 3 significant eruptions over the past 200 years. Over 1,700 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 08/21/1986 with the eruption of "Oku Volc Field". Here, 1700 people died.

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Significant volcanic eruptions in Cameroon in the last 200 years

The following list shows all volcanic eruptions of the last 200 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the eruption increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic meters up to 1 kilometer high. From VEI 8, a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Cameroon reached in the review period was VEI 3 in 1986. The volcano Oku Volc Field threw tephramasses of at least 10 million cubic meters over 3 kilometers high. Volcanoes of this size can theoretically erupt at this intensity every year.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
08/21/1986Oku Volc Field31700
08/15/1984Oku Volc Field037
04/28/1909Cameroon, Mt.20

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.
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