Transport and infrastructure in Cameroon

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Cameroon with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Cameroon ranks 117th in the world with 0.04 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 987 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 874.05 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 225.37 million passenger-kilometers in 2020.

Airports in Cameroon

Back to overview: Cameroon

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 77,589 km. For each of the country's 27.20 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.85 meters. This puts Cameroon in 147th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 57 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 7204 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Cameroon is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 29.4 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Cameroon, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced in January 1st, 1970. Regionally, this also applied before, now it exists for all parts of the country. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways77,600 km2,852.68 km163.19 m
Railroads1,000 km36.29 km2.08 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors1214.450.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Cameroon: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in CameroonThe 6 biggest airports and in Cameroon with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Cameroon: ClimateClimate details in CameroonA climate analysis for Cameroon incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing