The climate in Burkina Faso

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 11 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Burkina Faso
Climate zone: tropics
It is yearlong warm or hot. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Sahel. The coldest is High-Basins.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Burkina Faso
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Burkina Faso
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Burkina Faso
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Burkina Faso
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Burkina Faso
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Burkina Faso

Regions in Burkina Faso

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
max Ø day
min Ø night
Boucle du Mouhoun35.7 °C22.5 °C2,993 h67 880 l52.0 %
Centre35.6 °C22.8 °C2,993 h64 799 l48.0 %
Centre-Sud35.2 °C22.6 °C2,957 h66 916 l48.0 %
Est35.2 °C23.0 °C2,993 h65 942 l53.0 %
High-Basins33.8 °C22.1 °C2,738 h77 1,037 l55.0 %
Nord36.0 °C23.3 °C3,139 h53 756 l
Plateau-Central35.6 °C22.8 °C3,030 h64 785 l48.0 %
Sahel37.1 °C22.8 °C3,139 h46 504 l41.0 %
Southwest34.1 °C21.7 °C2,847 h76 1,066 l60.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to September 2022 was reported by the Dori weather station. In April 2016 the record temperature of 47.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 8 weather stations in Burkina Faso , was recorded in 1987 with an average temperature of 28.0 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.0 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Dedougou. Here the temperature dropped to 0.1 °C in July 2008. Dedougou lies at an altitude of 300 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1989 with an average temperature of 26.3 °C. In Burkina Faso, it is usual to have about 1.8 degrees more at 28.1 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in August 1991. With 18.7 mm per day, the Gaoua weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Gaoua. The driest region is near Dori.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 9 stations in Burkina Faso itself. In 2 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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