Transport and infrastructure in Benin

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Benin with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Benin ranks 118th in the world with 0.04 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 438 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 121 km of coastline. In 2019, about 510,895.60 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Benin

Back to overview: Benin

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 16,000 km. For each of the country's 12.45 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.29 meters. This puts Benin in 193rd place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 108 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 2996 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Benin is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 27.1 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Benin, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,000 km1,285.03 km139.42 m
Railroads400 km35.18 km3.82 m
Waterways150 km12.05 km1.31 m
Commercial harbors60.480.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Benin: AirportsThe 1 airports in BeninCadjehoun Airport - the only public airport in Benin with further information on airlines and destinations
Benin: ClimateClimate and temperature development in BeninA climate analysis for Benin incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing