Members of the EFTA - European Free Trade Association


The EFTA is a trade agreement of currently 4 countries in Northern Europe and in Western Europe.

All member states comprise a total area of 530,000 km² and about 14.32 million people. This is 0.35% of the habitable area around the world and 0.19% of the world population. With an economic output of 1,137.48 billion US dollars annually, they represent around 1 percent of the global economy.
CountryCommencementRegionAreaPopulation
Iceland1970Northern Europe103,000 km²0.36 M
Liechtenstein1991Western Europe160 km²0.04 M
Norway1960Northern Europe385,000 km²5.35 M
Switzerland1960Western Europe41,000 km²8.57 M


Former member countries

CountryExitRegionAreaPopulation
Austria1995Western Europe84,000 km²8.88 M
Denmark1973Northern Europe43,000 km²5.82 M
Finland1995Northern Europe338,000 km²5.52 M
Portugal1986Southern Europe92,000 km²10.27 M
Sweden1995Northern Europe447,000 km²10.29 M
United Kingdom1973British Isles244,000 km²66.83 M