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Picture Languages

Turkmen speaking countries

Turkmen is the official language in Turkmenistan and is spoken in 2 other countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Turkmen language (native name: Türkmen, Түркмен) has its roots in the Turkic language family.

As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 72 percent is in Turkmenistan. A total of about 6.4 million people worldwide speak Turkmen as their mother tongue.
Distribution Turkmen

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
TurkmenistanCentral Asiayes72.0 %4,566,000
IranSouth Asiano1.2 %1,055,000
AfghanistanSouth Asiano1.9 %762,000



Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Turkmen as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.