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Picture Languages

Turkmen speaking countries

Turkmen is the official language in Turkmenistan and is spoken in 2 more countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Turkmen language (native name: Türkmen, Түркмен) has its roots in the Turkic language family.

With a share of around 72%, it is most widespread in Turkmenistan. A total of about 6.1 m people worldwide speak Turkmen as their mother tongue.

Distribution Turkmen

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
TurkmenistanCentral Asiayes72.0 %4,342,000
IranSouth Asiano1.2 %1,008,000
AfghanistanSouth Asiano1.9 %740,000



Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers - not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Turkmen as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1%, are maybe not listed here.