Picture Languages

Mongolian speaking countries

Mongolian is the official language in Mongolia and is spoken in China as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Mongolian language (native name: Монгол хэл) has its roots in the Mongolic language family.

With 5.70 million native speakers, Mongolian has the highest prevalence in China. As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 79 percent is in Mongolia. A total of about 8.3 million people worldwide speak Mongolian as their mother tongue.
Distribution Mongolian

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
ChinaEast Asiano0.4 %5,703,000
MongoliaEast Asiayes78.8 %2,638,000

Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Mongolian as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.