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Picture Languages

Kurdish speaking countries

Kurdish is no official language in any country, but is spoken as mother tongue in 5 countries by a minor part of the population. The Kurdish language (native name: Kurdî, کوردی‎) has its roots in the Indo-European language family.

With a share of around 19%, it is most widespread in Iraq. A total of about 25.8 m people worldwide speak Kurdish as their mother tongue.

Distribution Kurdish

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
TurkeyWestern Asiano10.6 %8,940,000
IranSouth Asiano9.1 %7,643,000
IraqWestern Asiano19.0 %7,642,000
SyriaWestern Asiano9.0 %1,575,000
ArmeniaWestern Asiano1.0 %30,000



Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers - not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Kurdish as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1%, are maybe not listed here.