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Picture Languages

Finnish speaking countries

Finnish is the official language in Finland and is spoken in 3 more countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Finnish language (native name: suomi, suomen kieli) has its roots in the Uralic language family.

With a share of around 93%, it is most widespread in Finland. A total of about 5.4 m people worldwide speak Finnish as their mother tongue.

Distribution Finnish

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
FinlandNorthern Europeyes93.2 %5,155,000
SwedenNorthern Europeno2.4 %248,000
EstoniaNorthern Europeno0.7 %9,000
Åland IslandsNorthern Europeno4.8 %1,000



Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers - not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Finnish as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1%, are maybe not listed here.