Picture Languages

Finnish speaking countries

Finnish is one out of two official languages in Finland and is spoken in 3 other countries as monther tongue by a part of the population. The Finnish language (native name: suomi, suomen kieli) has its roots in the Uralic language family.

As a percentage of the total population, the largest share of around 93 percent is in Finland. A total of about 5.4 million people worldwide speak Finnish as their mother tongue.
Distribution Finnish

CountryRegionOfficial languageDistributionTotal
FinlandNorthern Europeyes93.2 %5,164,000
SwedenNorthern Europeno2.4 %250,000
EstoniaNorthern Europeno0.7 %9,000
Åland IslandsNorthern Europeno4.8 %1,000

Unless otherwise described in the text, this page is about native speakers — not the total number of speakers. How many people understand or speak Finnish as a subsequently learned language is not the subject of this page. Countries where native speakers make up only a few thousand, or even a few hundred people, or countries with a percentage well below 1% are unlikely to be listed here.