Energy consumption in the United Kingdom

The most important measure in the energy balance of the United Kingdom is the total consumption of
301.60 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 4,568 kWh.


The United Kingdom could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 310 bn kWh, which is 103% of the countries own usage. Despite this, the United Kingdom is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalUnited Kingdom
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption301.60 bn kWh4,568.16 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production309.80 bn kWh4,692.36 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Import19.70 bn kWh298.38 kWh729.98 kWh
Export2.15 bn kWh32.61 kWh718.00 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
United Kingdom
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production933,000.00 bbl0.014 bbl0.005 bbl
Import808,800.00 bbl0.012 bbl0.019 bbl
Export636,200.00 bbl0.010 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
United Kingdom
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption186.20 bn m³2,820.26 m³1,162.59 m³
Production41.34 bn m³626.15 m³445.10 m³
Import44.50 bn m³674.01 m³758.58 m³
Export14.22 bn m³215.38 m³387.80 m³



Carbon footprint

totalUnited Kingdom
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 2014419.82 m t6.36 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in the United Kingdom
percentage
in the United Kingdom
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in the United Kingdom
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels460.95 bn kWh55,6 %48,9 %6,981.73 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power77.93 bn kWh9,4 %7,2 %1,180.36 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power15.75 bn kWh1,9 %23,4 %238.58 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy276.90 bn kWh33,4 %16,2 %4,194.06 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Total production capacity829.05 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %12,557.07 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 8.7 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: