Gross debt in the United Kingdom

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in the United Kingdom in the period from 1998 to 2018 was between 581.5 billion and 2,269.9 billion Euro. The hightest level within the past 20 years was reached in 2015. However, the liabilities in 2018 have been only 2,054.18 billion Euro

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in the United Kingdom a debt of 30,908 Euro per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 28,459 Euro.


Back to overview: United Kingdom

Gross debt of the past 20 years in billion Euro




JahrUnited Kingdom totalEuropean Union totalUnited Kingdom per capitaEuropean Union per capita
1998581.48 bn €542.28 bn €9,942 €11,144 €
1999652.50 bn €564.55 bn €11,119 €11,580 €
2000641.89 bn €569.72 bn €10,899 €11,669 €
2001631.73 bn €585.17 bn €10,686 €11,966 €
2002617.15 bn €601.06 bn €10,395 €12,260 €
2003630.32 bn €626.46 bn €10,567 €12,731 €
2004715.52 bn €673.97 bn €11,928 €13,642 €
2005806.35 bn €711.45 bn €13,350 €14,344 €
2006888.71 bn €737.12 bn €14,606 €14,806 €
2007877.42 bn €747.91 bn €14,308 €14,964 €
2008824.11 bn €794.75 bn €13,334 €15,842 €
20091,103.25 bn €903.82 bn €17,715 €17,962 €
20101,387.56 bn €1,014.27 bn €22,107 €22,971 €
20111,590.78 bn €1,078.12 bn €25,147 €24,461 €
20121,745.86 bn €1,132.19 bn €27,407 €25,650 €
20131,798.96 bn €1,167.12 bn €28,052 €26,377 €
20142,060.33 bn €1,218.04 bn €31,892 €27,460 €
20152,269.88 bn €1,254.07 bn €34,859 €28,210 €
20162,022.23 bn €1,247.85 bn €30,821 €28,011 €
20172,013.08 bn €1,257.98 bn €30,474 €28,197 €
20182,054.18 bn €1,271.52 bn €30,908 €28,459 €


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      United Kingdom       European Union


Budget deficit in the United Kingdom

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in the United Kingdom in the period between 2001 and 2018 varied between -173.92 billion Euro and +7.00 billion Euro. In 2018 was reached a balance of -37 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 549 Euro per capita in the United Kingdom only in 2018. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 222 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 17 years

JahrUnited Kingdom totalEuropean Union totalUnited Kingdom per capitaEuropean Union per capita
20017.00 bn €-143.52 bn €118 €-293 €
2002-36.21 bn €-257.29 bn €-610 €-525 €
2003-57.34 bn €-321.17 bn €-961 €-653 €
2004-66.30 bn €-320.91 bn €-1,105 €-650 €
2005-63.96 bn €-287.69 bn €-1,059 €-580 €
2006-59.28 bn €-197.73 bn €-974 €-397 €
2007-59.40 bn €-115.05 bn €-969 €-230 €
2008-102.26 bn €-325.54 bn €-1,655 €-649 €
2009-173.92 bn €-813.10 bn €-2,793 €-1,616 €
2010-171.65 bn €-821.13 bn €-2,735 €-1,860 €
2011-141.60 bn €-603.66 bn €-2,238 €-1,370 €
2012-168.67 bn €-574.22 bn €-2,648 €-1,301 €
2013-110.73 bn €-450.90 bn €-1,727 €-1,019 €
2014-122.29 bn €-406.19 bn €-1,893 €-916 €
2015-109.61 bn €-346.32 bn €-1,683 €-779 €
2016-69.65 bn €-248.75 bn €-1,062 €-558 €
2017-43.47 bn €-154.01 bn €-658 €-345 €
2018-36.51 bn €-99.20 bn €-549 €-222 €

(negative numbers = deficit)