Energy consumption in Ukraine

The most important measure in the energy balance of Ukraine is the total consumption of
133.40 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,976 kWh.


Ukraine could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 152 bn kWh, which is 114% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Ukraine is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalUkraine
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption133.40 bn kWh2,975.61 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production152.20 bn kWh3,394.96 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Import2.24 bn kWh49.99 kWh729.98 kWh
Export3.59 bn kWh80.10 kWh718.00 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Ukraine
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production32,070.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.005 bbl
Import7,840.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.019 bbl
Export1,336.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Ukraine
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption41.10 bn m³916.77 m³1,162.59 m³
Production19.00 bn m³423.81 m³445.10 m³
Import14.18 bn m³316.30 m³758.58 m³



Carbon footprint

totalUkraine
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 2014227.30 m t5.07 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1992 to 2014 in million tons

Carbon footprint Ukraine



Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Ukraine
percentage
in Ukraine
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Ukraine
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels309.64 bn kWh62,1 %48,9 %6,906.86 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power114.68 bn kWh23,0 %7,2 %2,558.10 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power51.36 bn kWh10,3 %23,4 %1,145.58 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy13.46 bn kWh2,7 %16,2 %300.30 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Other energy sources9.47 bn kWh1,9 %4,3 %211.32 kWh694.97 kWh
Total production capacity498.62 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %11,122.16 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 4.1 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Ukraine