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Natural gas and oil in Ukraine

Energy consumption in Ukraine

The most important figure in the energy balance of Ukraine is the total consumption of
133.20 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,042 kWh.

Ukraine could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 154 bn kWh, which is 115 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Ukraine trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Ukraine

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalUkraine
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption133.20 bn kWh3,041.59 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production153.60 bn kWh3,507.42 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import77.00 m kWh1.76 kWh219.11 kWh
Export3.59 bn kWh82.00 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayUkraine
per capita
USA
per capita
Production32,000.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.033 bbl
Import4,720.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.024 bbl
Export413.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 395.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Ukraine. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.6 tn billion barrels. Ukraine therefore has a share of 0.024% and ranks 49th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersUkraine
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption30.92 bn m³706.05 m³2,312.79 m³
Production19.73 bn m³450.53 m³2,328.46 m³
Import12.97 bn m³296.17 m³259.57 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Ukraine
per capita
USA
per capita
total174.73 m t3.94 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Ukraine


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Ukraine
Percentage
in Ukraine
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Ukraine
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels326.15 bn kWh65,0 %70,0 %7,447.61 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power115.41 bn kWh23,0 %9,0 %2,635.31 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power40.14 bn kWh8,0 %7,0 %916.63 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy15.05 bn kWh3,0 %14,0 %343.74 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Other energy sources5.02 bn kWh1,0 %0,0 %114.58 kWh0.00 kWh
Total production capacity501.77 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %11,457.87 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production153.60 bn kWh30.6 %43.0 %3,507.42 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 7.4 percent of actual total consumption in Ukraine. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Ukraine
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