Natural gas and oil in Ukraine

Energy consumption in Ukraine

The most important figure in the energy balance of Ukraine is the total consumption of
133.20 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,040 kWh.

Ukraine could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 154 bn kWh, which is 115% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Ukraine is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Ukraine

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption133.20 bn kWh3,040.08 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production153.60 bn kWh3,505.68 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import77.00 m kWh1.76 kWh219.11 kWh
Export3.59 bn kWh81.96 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayUkraine
per capita
per capita
Production32,000.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.033 bbl
Import4,720.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.024 bbl
Export413.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 395.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Ukraine. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1,620 bn billion barrels. Ukraine therefore has a share of 0.024% and ranks 49th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersUkraine
per capita
per capita
Own consumption30.92 bn m³705.70 m³2,312.79 m³
Production19.73 bn m³450.31 m³2,328.46 m³
Import12.97 bn m³296.02 m³259.57 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total174.73 m t3.94 t14.67 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Ukraine

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Ukraine
in Ukraine
per capita
in Ukraine
per capita
Fossil fuels326.15 bn kWh65,0 %70,0 %7,443.92 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power115.41 bn kWh23,0 %9,0 %2,634.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power40.14 bn kWh8,0 %7,0 %916.18 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy15.05 bn kWh3,0 %14,0 %343.57 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Other energy sources5.02 bn kWh1,0 %0,0 %114.52 kWh0.00 kWh
Total production capacity501.77 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %11,452.19 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production153.60 bn kWh30.6 %43.0 %3,505.68 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 7.4 percent of actual total consumption in Ukraine. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Ukraine
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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