Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere
The climate in Switzerland widely corresponds to the German weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening. It rarely gets really warm here and you can safely leave your swimwear at home. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from December to January.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Switzerland
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Water temperature Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Temperature records of the last 71 years
The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to October 2020 was reported by the Geneve Airp weather station. In July 2015 the record temperature of 39.7 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 9 weather stations in Switzerland below 2490 metres altitude, was recorded in 1949 with an average temperature of 20.5 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 17.4 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 71 years was reported by the weather station Col Du Grand St Bernard. Here the temperature dropped to -25.2 °C in February 2012. Col Du Grand St Bernard lies at an altitude of 2487 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of 0.1 °C. In Switzerland, it is usual to have about 2.6 degrees more at 2.7 °C for this three-month period.
Long-term development of temperatures from 1950 - 2019
In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1950 to 2019 there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Zuerich Fluntern). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2003 with 22.7 °C. 1956 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -8.7 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 9.1 °C in the years after 1950 and about 10.5 °C in the last years before 2019. So in less than 70 years it has increased by about 1.4 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Switzerland. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.
More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change
. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.