Climate in Madrid

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from ten measuring weather stations in Madrid.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1130m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Madrid is one of the coldest regions in Spain with an average daily high temperature of only 21 degrees centigrade. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. Less attractive are the cold months from November to April.
Overview: Climate in Spain
Daylengths and sun positions in Spain
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Madrid
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 13 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in the region of Madrid. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Madrid
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 8 rainy days, April offers the most number of rainy days, and in July the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Madrid
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.3 mm, the least rain falls in July. October, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Madrid
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 78%, January is the most uncomfortable. In July, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Madrid
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Madrid
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Madrid

Most important cities in the region »Madrid«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Spain. The region has a west-east extension of about 100 km and over 90 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Madrid3,223,33440° 24' 59"N3° 42' 9"W
Ciudad Lineal228,17140° 27' 16"N3° 38' 53"W
Móstoles206,84240° 19' 20"N3° 51' 54"W
Fuenlabrada194,12740° 17' 3"N3° 47' 39"W
Alcalá de Henares194,03040° 28' 55"N3° 21' 36"W
Leganés188,07240° 19' 38"N3° 45' 49"W
Getafe179,51740° 18' 21"N3° 43' 59"W
Alcorcón168,82140° 20' 45"N3° 49' 30"W
Chamartín140,00040° 27' 43"N3° 40' 36"W
Torrejón de Ardoz128,87140° 27' 19"N3° 28' 11"W
Parla127,07740° 14' 10"N3° 46' 3"W
Alcobendas115,45040° 32' 51"N3° 38' 31"W
Coslada90,28040° 25' 26"N3° 33' 41"W
Las Rozas de Madrid86,34040° 29' 35"N3° 52' 25"W
Pozuelo de Alarcón82,42840° 25' 59"N3° 48' 48"W
San Sebastián de los Reyes75,91240° 33' 20"N3° 37' 38"W
Vaciamadrid68,40540° 19' 34"N3° 30' 39"W
Majadahonda68,11040° 28' 25"N3° 52' 19"W
Valdemoro62,75040° 11' 27"N3° 40' 44"W
Collado-Villalba55,02740° 38' 6"N4° 0' 17"W
Aranjuez54,05540° 1' 52"N3° 36' 9"W
Arganda51,48940° 18' 3"N3° 26' 14"W
Colmenar Viejo43,70040° 39' 33"N3° 46' 3"W
Pinto43,50140° 14' 29"N3° 41' 60"W
Boadilla del Monte43,41440° 24' 18"N3° 52' 42"W
Tres Cantos41,89640° 36' 3"N3° 42' 29"W
San Fernando de Henares40,98140° 25' 26"N3° 31' 57"W
Galapagar31,82040° 34' 42"N4° 0' 15"W
Villaviciosa de Odón26,47540° 21' 25"N3° 54' 0"W
Mejorada del Campo22,48840° 23' 34"N3° 28' 55"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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