Asylum applications and refugees in Spain

65,301 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2021 in Spain — according to UNHCR. Most of them came from Venezuela, Colombia and from Morocco. A total of 54,393 decisions have been made on initial applications. Around 9% of them were answered positively. 91 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. The most successful have been the applications of refugees from Afghanistan and from Libya.

In a second table below you can find the refugees who fled from Spain and made their asylum application to other countries.

Refugee countries by origin and destination

Back to overview: Spain

Incoming asylum applications in Spain 2000 to 2021

The top line represents the total number of asylum applications (first applications + reviews). Below are the number of recognized refugees (green) and rejected applications (red).

Asylum applications from foreign refugees in Spain

The total number of initial and continuing applications refers to the year 2021. Please note that the number of decisions (acceptances or rejections) does not have to add up with the number of applications because there may still have been open cases from previous years. Also, they don't have to be closed within the same calendar year. In addition, asylum procedures can also be closed, if the applicant disappeared or withdrew the application.

New Applications

Venezuela15,995102,8080.4 %
Colombia11,5671,16918,6195.9 %
Morocco6,5361791,7569.3 %
Mali4,647102304.2 %
Senegal3,198111,3420.8 %
Peru2,3561234,3302.8 %
Honduras2,2545544,12411.8 %
Pakistan1,632592,1192.7 %
Afghanistan1,6227030100.0 %
Nicaragua1,2604981,93820.4 %
Cuba1,106248362.8 %
Syria1,0756313332.1 %
Ukraine1,0373311,80215.5 %
El Salvador8591472,3315.9 %
Algeria823435567.2 %
Gambia68055440.9 %
Georgia602141,2981.1 %
Tunisia563363419.5 %
Ivory Coast5044318219.1 %
Guinea47910265813.4 %
Nigeria4113927412.5 %
Russia39210222431.3 %
Turkey370586347.9 %
Brazil345101755.4 %
Bangladesh33352521.9 %
Sudan3051191688.1 %
Argentina2850850.0 %
Ecuador24251393.5 %
Paraguay24152218.5 %
Guatemala225232388.8 %
Haiti210050.0 %
Ghana200103932.5 %
Palestine1853111421.4 %
Egypt171246128.2 %
Mauritania1710520.0 %
Cameroon146189615.8 %
Chile1415499.3 %
Burkina Faso1370150.0 %
Belarus1330300.0 %
Iran132123426.1 %
Guinea-Bissau1280860.0 %
Uruguay12751327.8 %
Yemen123168915.2 %
Armenia12251373.5 %
China11652815.2 %
Dominican Republic960200.0 %
Bolivia930290.0 %
Mexico882419011.2 %
Moldova800280.0 %
Somalia795550.0 %
Albania6751114.3 %
Panama520230.0 %
Equatorial Guinea5151426.3 %
Iraq4854210.6 %
India455548.5 %
Sierra Leone34209517.4 %
Angola27144424.1 %
Chad2618578.3 %
Lebanon26050.0 %
Central Africa2550100.0 %
Congo (Dem. Republic)23204033.3 %
Serbia220100.0 %
Eritrea2018578.3 %
Libya20110100.0 %
United States1952516.7 %
Azerbaijan170130.0 %
Costa Rica160100.0 %
Jamaica1650100.0 %
Liberia140100.0 %
Congo13201066.7 %
Kazakhstan1151131.3 %
Niger11131056.5 %
Kyrgyzstan9050.0 %
Togo9050.0 %
Vietnam752815.2 %
Benin60140.0 %
stateless6050.0 %
Gabon550100.0 %
United Kingdom5050.0 %
Sri Lanka500
North Macedonia5050.0 %
Mongolia5050.0 %
Uzbekistan551033.3 %
Kenya011568.8 %
Rwanda050100.0 %
Tajikistan0050.0 %
Totals65,3014,85549,5388.9 %

Asylum applications of refugees from Spain

Spain is one of the countries where refugees are not only coming in. In the year 2021, there have been 162 asylum applications received from citizens from Spain in other countries. The most successful have been the applications in Mexico.

New Applications

United States1160280.0 %
Mexico155550.0 %
Canada110110.0 %
France90100.0 %
Germany60100.0 %
Sweden5050.0 %
Totals1625696.8 %


United States2200
Canada10050.0 %
Totals37050.0 %

National migrant stock from 1960 to 2020

In 2020 a total of 6,842,202 migrants lived in Spain, representing about 10 percent of the total population. These are all residents who live permanently in the country but were born in another country. The numbers includes granted refugees but no asylum seekers. The data are based on the results of censuses, as well as on estimates and projections from the United Nations Population Division. (Values of the graph in millions of immigrants)

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