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Telecommunication in Russia

The development of telecommunications in Russia is roughly equivalent to the average of the European Union. Under the country code +7, there were a total of 264.63 million connections in 2020. Among them were 238.73 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.7 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

With about 14.87 million webhosts, Russia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 1.92 million million of these, or about 13 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.


Back to overview: Russia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 69.23 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Russia ranked 51st in an international comparison. The upload rate was 74.43 Mbit/second (22nd place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 5th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Russia comes 84th with a download speed of 21.48 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 8 Mbit was only enough for 112nd place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2022 from 181 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in Russia from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Russia 2002 - 2020

Symbol image: cell towerRussia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 85% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 24% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020



Distribution in 2020Russia
Total
Russia
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Internet users122.48 m84.99 %379.21 m84.74 %
Broadband users33.89 m23.52 %163.72 m36.59 %
Landlines25.89 m17.97 %160.15 m35.79 %
Mobile cellulars238.73 m165.67 %540.56 m120.80 %

Comparison: Russia / United StatesCountry comparison Russia : United StatesThe United States and Russia compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United StatesComparison of technological development and communication in the United States with the countries of the European Union
Brazil: Population growthPopulation growth in BrazilPopulation growth of the last 60 years in Brazil compared to the global average