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Telecommunication in Russia

The development of telecommunications in Russia is roughly equivalent to the average of the European Union. Under the country code +7, there were a total of 266.41 million connections in 2020. Among them were 238.73 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.7 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

In the expansion of broadband Internet connections, Russia is back. Around 85% of all residents have access to the Internet. Approximately 24% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the previous ISDN (more than 2048 kbit/s).

With about 14.87 million webhosts, Russia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 1.92 million million of these, or about 13 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.


Back to overview: Russia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 95.96 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Russia ranked 49th in an international comparison. The upload rate was 98.08 Mbit/second (25th place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 25th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Russia comes 90th with a download speed of 28.99 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 10 Mbit was only enough for 116th place.

The "Speedtest Global Index" published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in September 2021 from 181 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in Russia from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Russia 2002 - 2020

Landlines 1990 - 2019

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020



Distribution in 2020Russia
Total
Russia
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Internet users122.48 m84.99 %393.47 m87.87 %
Broadband users33.87 m23.51 %162.67 m36.33 %
Mobile cellulars238.73 m165.67 %541.96 m121.03 %

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