Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Russia

Compared to the United States, Russia is at the forefront of the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +7, there were a total of 272.46 million connections in 2021. Among them were 246.57 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.7 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 14.87 million webhosts, Russia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 1.92 million of these, or about 13 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Russia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 77.77 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Russia ranks 53rd in an international comparison. The upload rate was 83.62 Mbit/second (24th place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Russia comes 92nd with a download speed of 22.88 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 8 Mbit was only enough for 110th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in February 2023 from 180 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Russia from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in Russia 2002 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerRussia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 88 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 24 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in Russia. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 172 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021Russia
Broadband users34.62 m24.14 %127.03 m38.27 %
Mobile cellulars246.57 m171.89 %361.62 m108.96 %

Comparison: Russia / United StatesCountry comparison: Russia / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and Russia compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Sweden: Population growthPopulation growth in SwedenPopulation growth of the last 61 years in Sweden compared to the global average