Energy consumption in Poland

The most important measure in the energy balance of Poland is the total consumption of
141.30 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,721 kWh.


Poland could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 152 bn kWh, which is 108% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Poland is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalPoland
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption141.30 bn kWh3,721.35 kWh5,412.25 kWh
Production152.10 bn kWh4,005.78 kWh5,831.12 kWh
Import14.02 bn kWh369.24 kWh731.24 kWh
Export12.02 bn kWh316.56 kWh719.23 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Poland
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production20,100.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.005 bbl
Import490,300.00 bbl0.013 bbl0.019 bbl
Export4,520.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Poland
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption26.78 bn m³705.29 m³1,164.59 m³
Production6.13 bn m³161.50 m³445.87 m³
Import12.12 bn m³319.20 m³759.89 m³
Export56.00 m m³1.47 m³388.47 m³



Carbon footprint

totalPoland
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 2014285.74 m t7.53 t5.40 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Poland
percentage
in Poland
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Poland
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels254.02 bn kWh77,7 %48,9 %6,689.99 kWh7,994.86 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,2 %0.00 kWh1,185.87 kWh
Water power5.23 bn kWh1,6 %23,4 %137.76 kWh3,829.91 kWh
Renewable energy61.46 bn kWh18,8 %16,2 %1,618.68 kWh2,655.34 kWh
Other energy sources6.21 bn kWh1,9 %4,3 %163.59 kWh696.17 kWh
Total production capacity326.92 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %8,610.02 kWh16,362.15 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 34.4 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: