Tsunamis in Norway

A total of 10 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1888 have killed 114 people in Norway. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Norway so far reached a height of 74 meters. On 09/13/1936, this tsunami killed a total of 73 people.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and the economy had been a tsunami on 03/19/1998.

The most severe tsunamis in the world

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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 140 years.

The largest tsunamis in Norway since 1888

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
07/30/2011Landslide in Norway (Lysefjoren, Western Norway)1.5 m0
03/19/1998Landslide in Norway (Western Norway)6 m0
04/28/1994Landslide in Norway (Western Norway)4 m0
02/21/1987Landslide in Norway (Western Norway)3 m0
08/18/1983Landslide in Norway (Western Norway)7 m0
05/07/1959Landslide in Norway (Northern Norway)4 m0
10/06/1949Landslide in Norway (Northern Norway)2 m0
09/13/1936Landslide in Norway (Loen)74 m73
04/07/1934Landslide in Norway (Tafjord)62.30 m40
04/23/1888Landslide in Norway (Mid-Norway)0 m1

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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