Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in North Macedonia

Compared to the European Union, North Macedonia has a slight downturn in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +389, there were a total of 2.28 million connections in 2020. Among them were 1.86 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.90 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

With about 62,826 webhosts, North Macedonia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 2,120 million of these, or about 3 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: North Macedonia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 28.01 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, North Macedonia ranked 102nd in an international comparison. The upload rate of only 8.8 Mbit/second was significantly lower (120th place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 5th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, North Macedonia comes 23rd with a download speed of 63.19 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 19 Mbit was enough for 10th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2022 from 181 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the Internet in North Macedonia from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in North Macedonia 2005 - 2020

Symbol image: cell towerNorth Macedonia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 81% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 23% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications. With around 3.6 people per household, this means that around 82.6 percent of all households are equipped with a fast Internet connection.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020

Distribution in 2020North Macedonia
North Macedonia
Internet users1.69 m81.41 %379.48 m84.74 %
Broadband users475,569.0022.95 %163.72 m36.56 %
Landlines415,390.0020.04 %160.15 m35.76 %
Mobile cellulars1.86 m89.85 %540.56 m120.71 %

Comparison: North Macedonia / United StatesCountry comparison North Macedonia : United StatesThe United States and North Macedonia compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United StatesComparison of technological development and communication in the United States with the countries of the European Union
Germany: Climate Baden-WurttembergClimate: Baden-Wurttemberg, GermanyClimate and important cities in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany incl. temperatures, humidity, Rain days, hours of sunshine, Water temperature