The climate in North Macedonia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 8 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1320m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: North Macedonia

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in North Macedonia is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climate conditions. It is cold and wet with some nice summer months. The warmest and at the same time rainiest region is Northeast. The coldest is Pelagonia. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from June to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions in January.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in North Macedonia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in North Macedonia
Rain days per monthRain days per month in North Macedonia
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in North Macedonia
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in North Macedonia
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in North Macedonia

Regions in North Macedonia

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Northeast19.5 °C8.0 °C2,409 h74 482 l67.0 %
East19.3 °C7.6 °C2,519 h65 482 l67.0 %
Pelagonia16.1 °C4.7 °C2,263 h108 818 l69.0 %
Polog17.1 °C6.3 °C2,263 h96 763 l
Skopje19.4 °C8.1 °C2,373 h77 496 l
Southwest17.5 °C6.2 °C2,300 h95 712 l69.0 %
Vardar19.2 °C7.4 °C2,409 h76 522 l68.0 %

Temperature records of the last 68 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1955 to January 2023 was reported by the Skopje Zajcev Rid weather station. In August 2012, the record temperature of 41.0 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 5 weather stations in North Macedonia below 1,320 meters altitude, was recorded in 1988 with an average temperature of 25.4 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 21.9 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 68 years was reported by the Bitola weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -24.6 °C in January 2017. Bitola lies at an altitude of 589 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2006 with an average temperature of -1.6 °C. In North Macedonia, it is usual to have about 5.4 degrees more at 3.9 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in December 1955. With 9.4 mm per day, the Skopje Petrovec weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 68 years.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 6 stations in North Macedonia itself. In 2 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
International tourismThe 40 most popular travel countriesA ranking of international tourism over 40 countries. USA ranks 3rd.
United States of America: VolcanoesActive volcanoes and eruptions in the United StatesVolcanic eruptions and their damages by 17 volcanoes of United States of America