Gross debt in the Netherlands

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in the Netherlands in the period from 1998 to 2019 was between 203.4 billion and 605.6 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 21 years was reached in 2014. However, the liabilities in 2019 have been only 441.83 billion USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in the Netherlands a debt of 25,491 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 32,667 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 21 years in billion USD




JahrNetherlands totalNetherlands per capitaEU per capita
1998264.75 bn USD16,855 USD12,387 USD
1999251.62 bn USD15,913 USD12,342 USD
2000207.59 bn USD13,035 USD10,778 USD
2001203.39 bn USD12,675 USD10,717 USD
2002222.30 bn USD13,766 USD11,593 USD
2003280.55 bn USD17,291 USD14,402 USD
2004323.35 bn USD19,860 USD16,970 USD
2005334.52 bn USD20,498 USD17,846 USD
2006325.36 bn USD19,905 USD18,591 USD
2007364.85 bn USD22,272 USD20,509 USD
2008520.93 bn USD31,676 USD23,520 USD
2009495.09 bn USD29,950 USD25,266 USD
2010502.36 bn USD30,234 USD30,683 USD
2011558.86 bn USD33,479 USD34,278 USD
2012555.79 bn USD33,172 USD33,161 USD
2013593.77 bn USD35,334 USD35,247 USD
2014605.63 bn USD35,910 USD36,694 USD
2015495.13 bn USD29,228 USD31,489 USD
2016485.55 bn USD28,511 USD31,202 USD
2017474.81 bn USD27,716 USD32,056 USD
2018479.22 bn USD27,810 USD33,826 USD
2019441.83 bn USD25,491 USD32,667 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Netherlands       European Union


Budget deficit in the Netherlands

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in the Netherlands in the period between 1998 and 2019 varied between -44.45 billion Euro and +15.59 billion Euro. In 2019 was reached a balance of 15.59 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 900 Euro per capita in the Netherlands. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 332 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 21 years

JahrNetherlands totalNetherlands per capitaEU per capita
1998-3.49 bn USD-222 USD-350 USD
19991.71 bn USD108 USD-180 USD
20007.61 bn USD478 USD98 USD
2001-0.97 bn USD-60 USD-263 USD
2002-9.18 bn USD-569 USD-496 USD
2003-16.85 bn USD-1,039 USD-738 USD
2004-11.23 bn USD-690 USD-808 USD
2005-1.74 bn USD-106 USD-722 USD
20061.53 bn USD94 USD-499 USD
2007-0.78 bn USD-48 USD-315 USD
20081.92 bn USD117 USD-951 USD
2009-44.33 bn USD-2,682 USD-2,252 USD
2010-44.45 bn USD-2,676 USD-2,486 USD
2011-40.08 bn USD-2,401 USD-1,907 USD
2012-32.87 bn USD-1,962 USD-1,689 USD
2013-25.69 bn USD-1,529 USD-1,354 USD
2014-19.20 bn USD-1,138 USD-1,226 USD
2015-15.50 bn USD-915 USD-871 USD
20160.16 bn USD10 USD-620 USD
201710.51 bn USD613 USD-406 USD
201812.53 bn USD727 USD-288 USD
201915.59 bn USD900 USD-332 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)