Natural gas and oil in Montenegro

Energy consumption in Montenegro

The most important figure in the energy balance of Montenegro is the total consumption of
3.25 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 5,243 kWh.

Montenegro could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is three bn kWh, which is 107 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Montenegro trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption3.25 bn kWh5,243.38 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production3.49 bn kWh5,630.97 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import1.20 bn kWh1,931.49 kWh185.15 kWh
Export943.00 m kWh1,522.91 kWh42.59 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total2.60 m t4.18 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline1.11 bn t1,790.92 t7,179.51 t
› of which coal1.33 bn t2,142.99 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Montenegro

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Montenegro
in Montenegro
per capita
in Montenegro
per capita
Fossil fuels3.73 bn kWh42,3 %59,9 %6,026.09 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy0.00 kWh0,0 %3,2 %0.00 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power926.24 m kWh10,5 %8,3 %1,495.84 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power4.16 bn kWh47,2 %7,0 %6,724.14 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass0.00 kWh0,0 %1,7 %0.00 kWh0.06 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 38.7 percent of actual total consumption in Montenegro. The following chart shows the percentage share from 2000 to 2019:

Renewable energy Montenegro
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