Energy sources in Montenegro

Energy consumption in Montenegro

The most important measure in the energy balance of Montenegro is the total consumption of
2.81 bn kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 4,513 kWh.

Montenegro could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 3 bn kWh, which is 108% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Montenegro is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption2.81 bn kWh4,513.48 kWh11,887.66 kWh
Production3.05 bn kWh4,894.42 kWh12,475.65 kWh
Import1.21 bn kWh1,944.91 kWh221.55 kWh
Export914.00 m kWh1,469.13 kWh29.54 kWh

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2016
per capita
per capita
total2.02 m t3.24 t0.33 t
› of which diesel + gasoline832,409.00 t1.34 t0.14 t
› of which coal1.18 m t1.90 t0.09 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 2005 to 2016 in million tons

Carbon footprint Montenegro

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Montenegro
in Montenegro
per capita
in Montenegro
per capita
Fossil fuels1.79 bn kWh23,0 %70,0 %2,882.28 kWh20,306.77 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,610.87 kWh
Water power5.38 bn kWh69,0 %7,0 %8,646.84 kWh2,030.68 kWh
Renewable energy623.71 m kWh8,0 %14,0 %1,002.53 kWh4,061.35 kWh
Total production capacity7.80 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %12,531.64 kWh29,009.67 kWh
Actual total production3.05 bn kWh39.1 %43.0 %4,894.42 kWh12,475.65 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 43.0 percent of actual total consumption in Montenegro. The following chart shows the percentage share from 2005 to 2015:

Renewable energy Montenegro