Principality of Monaco

Constitutional monarchy
Independent since 1861

Principality of Monaco
Local name:
Western Europe
2.0 km²
the Principality of Monaco on the world map


The Principality of Monaco is a country on the Mediterranean coast of France. The dwarf state has a total area of only 2.0 km² (one mi²) and a total coastline of 4 km (2.5 mi). This land area is about 1.8 times the base area of the Pentagon. Monaco is thus the second smallest country in the world after Vatican. With 18,161 inhabitants per km², it is also the second most densely populated country in the world after Macao.

The highest elevation (Chemin des Révoires) reaches only 164 meters. France ist the only directly neighboring country of Principality of Monaco. The distance between New York City and the Capital Monaco is about 6,430 km (3,995 mi).


Birth rate:
5.9 ‰
Death rate:
6.6 ‰
49.0% : 51.0%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Principality of Monaco 2021
The currency in Principality of Monaco is the euro (EUR).
1 Euro is divided into 100 Cent.
Status: 06/06/2023
1 US dollar = 0.94 Euros
1 Euro = 1.07 US dollar


Official language:

Mother tongueDistribution
French41.9 %
Italian16.1 %
Monegasque16.1 %
English6.5 %
other19.4 %


GDP:8.60 bn $
Exportations:964.6 M $
Importations:1,371.0 M $
Unemployment rate:2.0 %

Monaco is considered one of the most dangerous countries worldwide.


Roadways:77 km
Commercial harbors:64

Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1962


France: OverviewFrance: country data and statisticsFrance in numbers: demographics, economy, energy, climate and more data and comparisons with other countries.
Germany: CorruptionExtent of public corruption in GermanySituation and development of corruption in Germany in a worldwide comparison
Language: ChineseChinese - Worldwide distributionInternational distribution of mother tongue Chinese including regional allocations. Mainly in in China.