Transport and infrastructure in Lithuania

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Lithuania with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Lithuania ranks 21st in the world with 0.68 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,911 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 14.57 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 329.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 90 km of coastline. In 2020, about 639,006 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Lithuania

Back to overview: Lithuania

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 84,166 km. For each of the country's 2.80 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 30.05 meters. This puts Lithuania in 16th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 43 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 258 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Lithuania is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 9.0 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Lithuania, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways84,200 km30,050.28 km1,289.19 m
Railroads1,900 km682.30 km29.27 m
Waterways441 km157.45 km6.75 m
Commercial harbors6422.850.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Lithuania: AirportsThe 3 airports in LithuaniaThe 3 biggest airports in Lithuania
Lithuania: ClimateClimate and temperature development in LithuaniaA climate analysis for Lithuania incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing