The climate in Lithuania

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 6 measuring stations in Lithuania.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Lithuania

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in Lithuania is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climatic conditions. It is cold, wet and some nice summer months are also present. It rarely gets really warm here and you can safely leave your swimwear at home. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Kauno. The coldest is Vilnius. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Lithuania

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Lithuania
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Lithuania
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Lithuania
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Lithuania
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Lithuania
Climate charts for other country parts in Lithuania

Temperature records of the last 64 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1957 to June 2021 was reported by the Klaipeda weather station. In June 2021 the record temperature of 33.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 4 weather stations in Lithuania , was recorded in 2018 with an average temperature of 18.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 16.1 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 23.4 °C.

The coldest day in these 64 years was reported by the weather station Birzai. Here the temperature dropped to -26.2 °C in February 2021. Birzai lies at an altitude of 62 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1987 with an average temperature of -9.8 °C. In Lithuania, it is usual to have about 8.0 degrees more at -1.7 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in October 2017. With 6.6 mm per day, the Klaipeda weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 64 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1991 - 2020

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 5 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1991 to 2020 there were only these 5 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2010 with 21.7 °C. January 2010 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -10.5 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 7.0 °C in the years after 1991 and about 8.4 °C in the last years before 2020. So in less than 30 years it has increased by about 1.3 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 5 weather stations in Lithuania. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Lithuania

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
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