Climate in Vidzeme

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Vidzeme.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Vidzeme is the coldest region in Latvia with an average high temperature of only 10°C. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year. It rarely gets really warm up here. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Latvia
Daylengths and sun positions in Latvia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in the region of Vidzeme. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 14 rain days, December offers the most rain days, while April has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.1 mm, the least amount of rain falls in March. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 69% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 88% is experienced here in November.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Climate charts for other regions in Latvia

Map of Vidzeme

Most important cities in the region »Vidzeme«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Latvia. The region has a west-east extension of about 200 km and over 140 km from north to south.

It consists of the 34 districts Aloja, Aluksnes, Apes, Babite, Cesu, Cesvaine, Ergli, Gulbenes, Ikskile, Incukalns, Jurmala, Kegums, Lielvarde, Ligatne, Limbažu, Lubana, Madonas, Mazsalaca, Ogre, Olaine, Plavinu, Riga, Rujienas, Salacgrivas, Salaspils, Saulkrastu, Sigulda, Skriveri, Smiltene, Stopini, Strenci, Valkas, Valmieras and Vecpiebalga.

CityPopulationGeo position
Riga614,61856° 56' 46"N24° 6' 21"E
Jurmala54,08856° 58' 5"N23° 46' 13"E
Valmiera26,96357° 32' 28"N25° 25' 39"E
Ogre26,76056° 48' 58"N24° 36' 50"E
Cesis18,19857° 18' 43"N25° 16' 28"E
Salaspils17,60656° 51' 37"N24° 21' 56"E
Olaine12,58456° 47' 7"N23° 56' 17"E
Sigulda10,42257° 9' 7"N24° 51' 53"E
Gulbene9,35557° 10' 40"N26° 45' 10"E
Madona9,28056° 51' 12"N26° 13' 1"E
Limbaži8,97457° 30' 46"N24° 43' 10"E
Valka6,58957° 46' 31"N26° 0' 36"E
Smiltene6,10857° 25' 28"N25° 54' 6"E
Lielvarde5,11456° 43' 14"N24° 48' 27"E
Vangaži4,02057° 5' 37"N24° 32' 55"E
Plavinas3,84856° 37' 4"N25° 43' 32"E
Rujiena3,63857° 53' 51"N25° 19' 54"E
Salacgriva3,42757° 45' 13"N24° 21' 29"E
Ikskile3,36856° 49' 60"N24° 30' 0"E
Saulkrasti3,18457° 15' 44"N24° 24' 53"E
Pinki3,03356° 56' 31"N23° 54' 39"E
Skriveri2,87956° 38' 42"N25° 7' 14"E
Ulbroka2,80056° 56' 28"N24° 17' 23"E
Jaunciems2,68457° 2' 21"N24° 10' 27"E
Mazsalaca2,41257° 51' 48"N25° 3' 17"E
Kegums2,37256° 44' 42"N24° 43' 28"E
Aluksne2,26457° 25' 0"N27° 3' 0"E
Ergli2,18656° 53' 51"N25° 38' 12"E
Jumprava2,17756° 40' 34"N24° 58' 20"E
Incukalns2,02857° 5' 53"N24° 41' 11"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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