Climate in Courland

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from six measuring weather stations in Courland.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Courland is one of the warmest region in Latvia with an average daily high temperature of 11 degrees centigrade. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year. It rarely gets really warm here. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Latvia
Daylengths and sun positions in Latvia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Courland
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in the region of Courland. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Courland
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 13 rainy days, December offers the most number of rainy days, and in April the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Courland
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.0 mm, the least rain falls in April. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Courland
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 72% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 86% is experienced here in December.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Courland
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Climate charts for other regions in Latvia

Map of Courland

Most important cities in the region »Courland«

The region has a west-east extension of about 270 km and over 150 km from north to south.

It consists of the 17 districts Aizpute, Alsunga, Broceni, Grobina, Kandava, Kuldigas, Liepaja, Mesraga, Pavilostas, Priekule, Priekuli, Rojas, Rucavas, Saldus, Skrunda, Talsu and Ventspils.

CityPopulationGeo position
Liepaja85,13256° 31' 0"N21° 1' 0"E
Ventspils42,64457° 23' 22"N21° 33' 38"E
Kuldiga13,28956° 58' 26"N21° 57' 26"E
Saldus12,22456° 39' 49"N22° 29' 17"E
Talsi12,02257° 14' 44"N22° 34' 53"E
Aizpute5,63456° 43' 0"N21° 36' 0"E
Grobina4,20356° 32' 7"N21° 10' 4"E
Kandava3,59257° 2' 27"N22° 46' 29"E
Broceni3,48656° 42' 0"N22° 31' 60"E
Skrunda2,65956° 40' 60"N22° 1' 0"E
Priekule2,55056° 26' 48"N21° 35' 23"E
Priekuli2,53257° 18' 54"N25° 21' 41"E
Stende1,95557° 8' 60"N22° 31' 60"E
Mersrags1,86057° 20' 7"N23° 7' 28"E
Roja1,80057° 30' 0"N22° 49' 0"E
Sabile1,58057° 2' 45"N22° 34' 21"E
Valdemarpils1,44757° 22' 14"N22° 35' 31"E
Pavilosta1,17156° 53' 16"N21° 11' 9"E
Piltene1,10357° 13' 27"N21° 40' 28"E
Alsunga94056° 58' 55"N21° 33' 34"E
Rucava54756° 9' 47"N21° 9' 42"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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