Natural gas and oil in the Kosovo

Energy consumption in the Kosovo

The most important figure in the energy balance of the Kosovo is the total consumption of
3.96 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,191 kWh.

The Kosovo could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is six bn kWh, which is 142% of the countries own usage. Despite this, the Kosovo is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Kosovo

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption3.96 bn kWh2,190.69 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production5.64 bn kWh3,121.33 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import557.00 m kWh308.37 kWh219.11 kWh
Export885.70 m kWh490.35 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2019) has access to electricity.

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2016
per capita
per capita
total8.94 m t5.03 t15.15 t
› of which diesel + gasoline1.91 m t1.08 t6.58 t
› of which coal6.67 m t3.75 t4.10 t
› other sources355,699.00 t0.20 t4.47 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 2010 to 2016 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Kosovo

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in the Kosovo
in the Kosovo
per capita
in the Kosovo
per capita
Fossil fuels13.37 bn kWh97,0 %70,0 %7,399.80 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power413.38 m kWh3,0 %7,0 %228.86 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy137.79 m kWh1,0 %14,0 %76.29 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity13.78 bn kWh-100,0 %7,628.66 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production5.64 bn kWh40.9 %43.0 %3,121.33 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 101.00 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 26.1 percent of actual total consumption in the Kosovo. The following chart shows the percentage share from 2000 to 2019:

Renewable energy Kosovo
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
United States: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in the United States 2022-2026Statutory and inofficial holidays in the United States for 2022 to 2026