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Gross debt in Ireland

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Ireland in the period from 1998 to 2021 was between 36.5 billion and 286.0 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 23 years was reached in 2013. However, the liabilities in 2021 have been only 279 billion USD The budget deficit in the same year was 9.6 billion USD.

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Ireland a debt of 55,475 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 33,714 USD.


Back to overview: Ireland

Gross debt of the last 23 years in billion USD




YearIreland totalIreland per capitaEU per capita
199846.77 bn USD12,598 USD14,079 USD
199946.74 bn USD12,448 USD14,032 USD
200036.48 bn USD9,586 USD11,232 USD
200136.69 bn USD9,490 USD11,255 USD
200239.70 bn USD10,098 USD12,258 USD
200349.10 bn USD12,287 USD15,286 USD
200454.59 bn USD13,413 USD17,595 USD
200555.20 bn USD13,270 USD18,327 USD
200654.90 bn USD12,846 USD18,877 USD
200764.66 bn USD14,700 USD20,898 USD
2008117.11 bn USD26,084 USD24,086 USD
2009146.02 bn USD32,195 USD25,361 USD
2010191.21 bn USD41,930 USD26,496 USD
2011264.10 bn USD57,663 USD29,231 USD
2012269.85 bn USD58,670 USD28,174 USD
2013286.02 bn USD61,858 USD29,981 USD
2014270.20 bn USD58,011 USD30,648 USD
2015223.76 bn USD47,589 USD25,920 USD
2016222.08 bn USD46,702 USD26,262 USD
2017227.38 bn USD47,297 USD27,025 USD
2018243.11 bn USD49,947 USD28,454 USD
2019228.36 bn USD46,280 USD27,178 USD
2020248.86 bn USD49,915 USD30,798 USD
2021278.94 bn USD55,475 USD33,714 USD


Comparison of gross debt per capita with the European Union in U.S. dollars



      Ireland       European Union


Budget deficit in Ireland

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Ireland in the period between 1998 and 2021 varied between -71.28 billion Euro and +6.56 billion Euro. In 2021 was reached a balance of -9.59 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 1,908 Euro per capita in Ireland only in 2021. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 1,788 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 23 years

YearIreland totalIreland per capitaEU per capita
19982.08 bn USD559 USD-398 USD
19992.62 bn USD699 USD-204 USD
20004.61 bn USD1,210 USD112 USD
20010.95 bn USD247 USD-299 USD
2002-0.49 bn USD-125 USD-565 USD
20030.65 bn USD163 USD-840 USD
20042.59 bn USD636 USD-920 USD
20053.40 bn USD818 USD-822 USD
20066.56 bn USD1,534 USD-568 USD
20070.71 bn USD161 USD-360 USD
2008-19.37 bn USD-4,314 USD-1,085 USD
2009-32.80 bn USD-7,232 USD-2,021 USD
2010-71.28 bn USD-15,630 USD-1,970 USD
2011-32.61 bn USD-7,120 USD-1,462 USD
2012-19.15 bn USD-4,164 USD-1,220 USD
2013-15.29 bn USD-3,306 USD-1,027 USD
2014-9.41 bn USD-2,021 USD-852 USD
2015-5.97 bn USD-1,270 USD-577 USD
2016-2.31 bn USD-485 USD-423 USD
2017-0.99 bn USD-205 USD-263 USD
20180.56 bn USD114 USD-139 USD
20191.93 bn USD391 USD-197 USD
2020-21.85 bn USD-4,383 USD-2,313 USD
2021-9.59 bn USD-1,908 USD-1,788 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)
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