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Natural gas and oil in Hungary

Energy consumption in Hungary

The most important measure in the energy balance of Hungary is the total consumption of
39.37 bn kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 4,029 kWh.


Hungary can partly provide itself with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 30 bn kWh. That is 77% of the countries own usage. The rest of the needed energy is imported from foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Hungary

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalHungary
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption39.37 bn kWh4,029.21 kWh11,887.66 kWh
Production30.22 bn kWh3,092.78 kWh12,475.65 kWh
Import17.95 bn kWh1,837.04 kWh221.55 kWh
Export5.24 bn kWh536.27 kWh29.54 kWh
Crude OilBarrelHungary
per capita
USA
per capita
Production16,000.00 bbl0.002 bbl0.033 bbl
Import121,000.00 bbl0.012 bbl0.024 bbl
Export2,713.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic metersHungary
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption10.39 bn m³1,063.34 m³2,338.54 m³
Production1.81 bn m³185.44 m³2,354.38 m³
Import13.37 bn m³1,368.32 m³262.46 m³
Export3.52 bn m³360.24 m³273.28 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2016
Hungary
per capita
USA
per capita
total45.54 m t4.64 t0.33 t
› of which diesel + gasoline17.28 m t1.76 t0.14 t
› of which natural gas18.39 m t1.87 t0.10 t
› of which coal8.87 m t0.90 t0.09 t
› other sources997,424.00 t0.10 t0.00 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1979 to 2016 in million tons

Carbon footprint Hungary


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Hungary
percentage
in Hungary
percentage
USA
per capita
in Hungary
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels48.43 bn kWh64,0 %70,0 %4,956.81 kWh20,306.77 kWh
Nuclear power16.65 bn kWh22,0 %9,0 %1,703.90 kWh2,610.87 kWh
Water power756.78 m kWh1,0 %7,0 %77.45 kWh2,030.68 kWh
Renewable energy9.84 bn kWh13,0 %14,0 %1,006.85 kWh4,061.35 kWh
Total production capacity75.68 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %7,745.02 kWh29,009.67 kWh
Actual total production30.22 bn kWh39.9 %43.0 %3,092.78 kWh12,475.65 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 15.6 percent of actual total consumption in Hungary. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Hungary