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The climate in Greece

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 23 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 890m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Greece

Climate zone: The northern part of Greece is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.

In 6 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 25 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. The warmest and at the same time rainiest region is Attica. The coldest is East Macedonia and Thrace. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Greece
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Greece
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Greece
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Greece
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Greece
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Greece
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Greece

Regions in Greece

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

RegionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
PrecipitationHumidity
Attica23.2 °C15.0 °C2,847 h43 416 l62.0 %
Ionian Islands22.6 °C13.6 °C2,738 h76 975 l75.0 %
Crete22.4 °C15.3 °C2,847 h58 595 l63.0 %
Central Greece23.2 °C15.0 °C2,847 h43 416 l62.0 %
North Aegean22.1 °C13.7 °C2,738 h60 840 l62.0 %
East Macedonia and Thrace19.8 °C8.1 °C2,300 h73 686 l71.0 %
Peloponnese22.8 °C12.5 °C2,884 h71 712 l68.0 %
South Aegean23.1 °C13.4 °C2,592 h62 756 l63.0 %
Thessaly22.0 °C9.7 °C2,446 h59 445 l67.0 %
West Greece22.8 °C13.9 °C2,884 h68 807 l
West Macedonia21.1 °C8.7 °C2,446 h60 496 l68.0 %
Central Macedonia21.2 °C10.4 °C2,482 h59 460 l66.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to March 2022 was reported by the Larissa Airp weather station. In August 2021 the record temperature of 44.0 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 14 weather stations in Greece below 890 metres altitude, was recorded in 2012 with an average temperature of 27.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 25.9 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 32.5 °C.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Larissa Airp. Here the temperature dropped to -10.0 °C in January 2022. Larissa Airp lies at an altitude of 74 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1949 with an average temperature of 8.2 °C. In Greece, it is usual to have about 2.2 degrees more at 10.4 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in December 1973. With 30.6 mm per day, the Zakynthos weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Kerkyra Airp. The driest region is near Athen Ellinikon.




Long-term development of temperatures from 1978 - 2021

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 2 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1978 to 2021 there were only these 2 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Kerkyra, Herakleion). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2012 with 29.2 °C. December 1991 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 8.7 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 17.8 °C in the years after 1978 and about 19.4 °C in the last years before 2021. So in less than 44 years it has increased by about 1.6 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 2 weather stations in Greece. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Greece

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 14 stations in Greece itself. In 9 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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