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Development of inflation rates in Germany

The inflation rate for consumer prices in Germany moved over the past 40 years between -0.1% and 6.3%. For 2019, an inflation rate of 1.4% was calculated.

During the observation period from 1979 to 2019, the average inflation rate was 2.2% per year. Overall, the price increase was 137.28 %. An item that cost 100 Euro in 1979 was so charged 237.28 Euro in the beginning of 2020.

Negative inflation rates are achieved in only a few countries. This means that the general price level is declining and consumer prices are becoming cheaper. In this case one also speaks of deflation. The quite drastic price increases in Germany at the beginning of the 1980s and 1990s were no longer average compared to other countries and are often a sign of political and economic turbulence.

Back to overview: Germany

Performance over the last 40 years compared to the European Union

Performance based on 100% in 1978.Performance in Germany

      Germany       European Union


Reasons for the changes in the inflation rate

Since 1995, German and European inflation rates have fallen noticeably. At less than 1% in some cases, the German treasury was even below average. This can be attributed, among other things, to long-term fluctuating crude oil prices, which are reflected in petrol and heating costs. But the specifications of the European Union also have an influence here. Thus the European Union aims at a medium-term rate of 2% per year over the entire euro zone as the optimal inflation rate. Germany is the largest economy in the euro zone and therefore has a considerable influence on the overall picture. To achieve this goal, the European Central Bank (ECB) pursues a more or less relaxed monetary policy, in which, for example, bonds are bought for trillions of dollars to stimulate the economy or key interest rates are varied to influence loans and money supply.

Perceived inflation

Actual inflation is often different from that perceived by the citizen. This is mainly due to the fact that although the measured basket of goods contains numerous everyday products, there are also high-priced products such as real estate, cameras or televisions. A price increase is less frequent for small items such as butter, bread or eggs, but mostly in the 10-cent range. So with a price increase of significantly more than 2%. At the same time these articles are bought with a considerably higher frequency than washing machines or cars, which is why the citizen "feels" a higher inflation rate.

Thus Germany measures the inflation

Since 2002, the Federal Statistical Office has measured inflation rates with a "hedonic price adjustment". This involves the use of the well-known shopping basket model, in which the prices of representative goods are determined regularly. In special product groups such as electronics and medicine, goods naturally become more expensive if they are changed over time as a result of further development and quality improvements. At the same time, obsolete goods such as computers are no longer available in later years. To compensate for this, ongoing product improvements are therefore included in sub-indices.

Inflation calculator for Germany

Enter any amount, an initial year and an end year here. You will then be issued with the amount that arose from the original amount after inflation. Example: 1000 Euro in 1979 corresponds to an amount of 2,372.83 Euro at the beginning of 2020 due to inflation.

Original amount in Euro:


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End year:


Development of inflation rates for consumer goods in Germany

Performance in Germany

JahrGermanyØ European UnionØ World
20191.45 %1.63 %2.12 %
20181.73 %1.74 %2.42 %
20171.51 %1.43 %2.17 %
20160.49 %0.18 %1.49 %
20150.51 %-0.06 %1.39 %
20140.91 %0.20 %2.29 %
20131.50 %1.22 %2.58 %
20122.01 %2.66 %3.67 %
20112.08 %3.29 %4.80 %
20101.10 %1.53 %3.33 %
20090.31 %0.93 %2.94 %
20082.63 %4.16 %8.90 %
20072.30 %2.48 %4.83 %
20061.58 %2.60 %4.22 %
20051.55 %2.47 %4.08 %
20041.67 %2.26 %3.36 %
20031.03 %2.08 %3.03 %
20021.42 %2.31 %2.83 %
20011.98 %3.15 %3.84 %
20001.44 %3.10 %3.43 %
19990.59 %2.15 %3.16 %
19980.91 %2.40 %5.19 %
19971.94 %2.72 %5.42 %
19961.45 %3.31 %6.68 %
19951.71 %4.32 %9.08 %
19942.69 %4.71 %10.32 %
19934.47 %4.79 %6.78 %
19925.06 %5.60 %7.54 %
19914.05 %5.93 %8.97 %
19902.70 %6.30 %8.13 %
19892.78 %6.01 %7.00 %
19881.27 %4.35 %7.15 %
19870.25 %4.07 %5.66 %
1986-0.13 %3.55 %5.78 %
19852.07 %5.61 %6.81 %
19842.41 %7.37 %8.22 %
19833.29 %8.52 %8.87 %
19825.24 %9.47 %10.26 %
19816.34 %11.82 %12.48 %
19805.44 %13.52 %13.98 %
19794.04 %8.98 %n/a