Gross debt in Germany

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Germany in the period from 1998 to 2018 was between 1,185.4 billion and 2,225.2 billion Euro. The hightest level within the past 20 years was reached in 2012. However, the liabilities in 2018 have been only 2,063.17 billion Euro

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Germany a debt of 24,879 Euro per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 24,776 Euro.


Back to overview: Germany

Gross debt of the past 20 years in billion Euro




JahrGermany totalEuropean Union totalGermany per capitaEuropean Union per capita
19981,185.45 bn €542.28 bn €14,448 €11,144 €
19991,225.27 bn €564.55 bn €14,924 €11,580 €
20001,232.25 bn €569.72 bn €14,989 €11,669 €
20011,243.14 bn €585.17 bn €15,096 €11,966 €
20021,295.30 bn €601.06 bn €15,703 €12,260 €
20031,383.80 bn €626.46 bn €16,766 €12,731 €
20041,468.85 bn €673.97 bn €17,801 €13,642 €
20051,541.38 bn €711.45 bn €18,690 €14,344 €
20061,591.33 bn €737.12 bn €19,318 €14,806 €
20071,600.02 bn €747.91 bn €19,449 €14,964 €
20081,669.04 bn €794.75 bn €20,327 €15,842 €
20091,785.68 bn €903.82 bn €21,803 €17,962 €
20102,110.67 bn €1,014.27 bn €25,810 €20,112 €
20112,147.55 bn €1,078.12 bn €26,752 €21,391 €
20122,225.20 bn €1,132.19 bn €27,668 €22,415 €
20132,210.74 bn €1,167.12 bn €27,413 €23,038 €
20142,212.28 bn €1,218.04 bn €27,318 €23,968 €
20152,181.97 bn €1,254.07 bn €26,711 €24,603 €
20162,165.89 bn €1,247.85 bn €26,301 €24,409 €
20172,115.40 bn €1,257.98 bn €25,592 €24,561 €
20182,063.17 bn €1,271.52 bn €24,879 €24,776 €


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Germany       European Union


Budget deficit in Germany

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Germany in the period between 1998 and 2018 varied between -108.90 billion Euro and +58.01 billion Euro. In 2018 was reached a balance of 58.01 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 700 Euro per capita in Germany. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 193 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 20 years

JahrGermany totalEuropean Union totalGermany per capitaEuropean Union per capita
1998-42.43 bn €-153.24 bn €-517 €-315 €
1999-29.30 bn €-82.11 bn €-357 €-168 €
200023.28 bn €52.06 bn €283 €107 €
2001-64.65 bn €-143.52 bn €-785 €-293 €
2002-82.01 bn €-257.29 bn €-994 €-525 €
2003-89.15 bn €-321.17 bn €-1,080 €-653 €
2004-84.94 bn €-320.91 bn €-1,029 €-650 €
2005-78.62 bn €-287.69 bn €-953 €-580 €
2006-41.20 bn €-197.73 bn €-500 €-397 €
20074.71 bn €-115.05 bn €57 €-230 €
2008-4.53 bn €-325.54 bn €-55 €-649 €
2009-79.59 bn €-813.10 bn €-972 €-1,616 €
2010-108.90 bn €-821.13 bn €-1,332 €-1,628 €
2011-25.86 bn €-603.66 bn €-322 €-1,198 €
2012-0.93 bn €-574.22 bn €-12 €-1,137 €
2013-3.97 bn €-450.90 bn €-49 €-890 €
201416.69 bn €-406.19 bn €206 €-799 €
201523.86 bn €-346.32 bn €292 €-679 €
201628.75 bn €-248.75 bn €349 €-487 €
201734.01 bn €-154.01 bn €411 €-301 €
201858.01 bn €-99.20 bn €700 €-193 €

(negative numbers = deficit)