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Gross debt in Germany

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Germany in the period from 1998 to 2019 was between 1,113.4 bn and 2,989.9 bn USD. The hightest level within the past 21 years was reached in 2011. However, the liabilities in 2019 have been only 2,303.00 bn USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Germany a debt of 27,716 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 32,690 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 21 years in billion USD




JahrGermany totalGermany per capitaEU per capita
19981,317.63 bn USD16,059 USD12,387 USD
19991,305.89 bn USD15,906 USD12,342 USD
20001,138.11 bn USD13,844 USD10,778 USD
20011,113.35 bn USD13,520 USD10,717 USD
20021,224.84 bn USD14,849 USD11,593 USD
20031,565.36 bn USD18,966 USD14,402 USD
20041,827.10 bn USD22,142 USD16,970 USD
20051,917.63 bn USD23,253 USD17,846 USD
20061,998.08 bn USD24,255 USD18,591 USD
20072,192.82 bn USD26,655 USD20,509 USD
20082,454.06 bn USD29,887 USD23,520 USD
20092,489.91 bn USD30,401 USD25,266 USD
20102,798.52 bn USD34,221 USD30,683 USD
20112,989.88 bn USD37,245 USD34,278 USD
20122,859.80 bn USD35,558 USD33,161 USD
20132,936.99 bn USD36,418 USD35,247 USD
20142,940.73 bn USD36,313 USD36,694 USD
20152,428.03 bn USD29,724 USD31,489 USD
20162,403.80 bn USD29,190 USD31,202 USD
20172,397.50 bn USD29,005 USD32,052 USD
20182,448.92 bn USD29,539 USD33,816 USD
20192,303.00 bn USD27,716 USD32,690 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Germany       European Union


Budget deficit in Germany

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Germany in the period between 1998 and 2019 varied between -148.86 bn Euro and +72.80 bn Euro. In 2019 was reached a balance of 58.74 bn Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 707 Euro per capita in Germany. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 332 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 21 years

JahrGermany totalGermany per capitaEU per capita
1998-47.16 bn USD-575 USD-350 USD
1999-31.23 bn USD-380 USD-180 USD
200021.50 bn USD262 USD98 USD
2001-57.90 bn USD-703 USD-263 USD
2002-77.55 bn USD-940 USD-496 USD
2003-100.85 bn USD-1,222 USD-738 USD
2004-105.66 bn USD-1,280 USD-808 USD
2005-97.81 bn USD-1,186 USD-722 USD
2006-51.73 bn USD-628 USD-499 USD
20076.45 bn USD78 USD-315 USD
2008-4.36 bn USD-53 USD-951 USD
2009-107.47 bn USD-1,312 USD-2,252 USD
2010-148.86 bn USD-1,820 USD-2,486 USD
2011-33.05 bn USD-412 USD-1,907 USD
20120.33 bn USD4 USD-1,689 USD
20131.49 bn USD19 USD-1,354 USD
201422.54 bn USD278 USD-1,226 USD
201532.25 bn USD395 USD-871 USD
201640.26 bn USD489 USD-620 USD
201750.15 bn USD607 USD-406 USD
201872.80 bn USD878 USD-288 USD
201958.74 bn USD707 USD-332 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)