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The 30 largest airports and airlines in Germany

Further information is provided on the 30 biggest airports in Germany. At Frankfurt am Main Airport alone, 100 airlines operate and serve flights to and from 239 destinations.
The biggest national airline is Lufthansa, out of the total of 13. It leads the list with 244 flight destinations.
Transport + infrastructure in Germany
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The largest airports in Germany

What is a "commercial airport" is regulated in Germany by the state aviation authority in § 38 of the Air Traffic Licensing Regulations (LuftVZO). Besides some special airports, these are mainly those serving commercial and general aviation. In total, there are 16 international airports, 12 of which are considered major airports with over 50,000 passengers anually. With more than 500,000 aircraft movements and 70 million passengers per year, Frankfurt Airport is the largest in the country.
IATANameCityAirlinesDestinations
FRAFrankfurt am Main AirportFrankfurt am Main100239
BERAirport Berlin BrandenburgBerlin97170
MUCMunich AirportMunich77191
DUSDüsseldorf AirportDusseldorf57147
TXLBerlin-Tegel AirportBerlin48109
HAMHamburg AirportHamburg4287
STRStuttgart AirportStuttgart3080
CGNCologne Bonn AirportCologne2692
HAJHannover AirportHannover2450
SXFBerlin-Schönefeld AirportBerlin1769
NUENuremberg AirportNuremberg1732
LEJLeipzig/Halle AirportLeipzig1328
BREBremen AirportBremen1343
DRSDresden AirportDresden1118
DTMDortmund AirportDortmund1128
FKBKarlsruhe Baden-Baden AirportBaden-Baden518
FMOMünster Osnabrück AirportMünster411
FMMMemmingen Allgau AirportMemmingen821
FDHFriedrichshafen AirportFriedrichshafen612
SCNSaarbrücken AirportSaarbrücken44
PADPaderborn Lippstadt AirportPaderborn48
GWTWesterland Sylt AirportWesterland37
RLGRostock-Laage AirportRostock35
HHNFrankfurt-Hahn AirportFrankfurt am Main247
LBCLübeck Blankensee AirportLubeck24
KSFKassel-Calden AirportKassel12
HDFHeringsdorf AirportHeringsdorf15
ERFErfurt AirportErfurt16
MHGMannheim-City AirportMannheim11
NRNWeeze AirportWeeze138

Oldest airport: Hamburg

The oldest airport in Germany still in operation today is Hamburg Airport, which opened in 1911. In 2016 it was renamed from "Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel" to "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt". At the time of its foundation it was used for airships. It survived the Second World War almost undamaged and was thus expanded and used by the British occupation forces. An extensive modernization with a new terminal and new piers began in the 90s. Another fundamental reconstruction took place shortly after the turn of the millennium.

Freight volume

In 2020, a total of 5.45 billion ton-kilometers (= total mass transported in tons multiplied by kilometers traveled) of cargo was moved by air in Germany. Frankfurt am Main Airport alone accounted for around 2.09 million metric tons.

The largest airlines based in Germany

Airlines are mainly divided into the areas of passenger transport, freight transport, charter flights and ambulance services. In addition, there are further classifications such as military and government service providers and also subdivisions into, e.g., low-cost airlines. In addition, there are charter companies that partly or exclusively carry out individual flights on behalf of the customer.
By far the largest German airline is the formerly state-owned Lufthansa, which has been fully privatized since 1997. It takes on tasks from all the areas mentioned above. Cargo flights are carried out both by the airline and by its subsidiary Lufthansa Cargo. Its hubs are at the major airports in Frankfurt and Munich, from where other international airlines also offer a large proportion of intercontinental flights.
IATANameDestinations
LHLufthansa244
4UGermanwings104
DECondor Flugdienst65
STGermania41
X3TUIfly31
GVAero Flight26
MRHomer Air12
HFHapagfly12
7EAeroline GmbH2
WFXWestfalia Express VA1
FLBGerman Air Force - FLB1
EWEurowings1
HAYHamburg Airways1

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