The largest airports in Germany
What is a "commercial airport" is regulated in Germany by the state aviation authority in § 38 of the Air Traffic Licensing Regulations (LuftVZO). Besides some special airports, these are mainly those serving commercial and general aviation. In total, there are 16 international airports, 12 of which are considered major airports with over 50,000 passengers. With more than 500,000 aircraft movements and 70 million passengers per year, Frankfurt Airport is the largest in the country.
Oldest airport: Hamburg
The oldest airport in Germany still in operation today is Hamburg Airport, which opened in 1911. In 2016 it was renamed from "Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel" to "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt". At the time of its foundation it was used for airships. It survived the Second World War almost undamaged and was thus expanded and used by the British occupation forces. An extensive modernization with a new terminal and new piers and began in the 90s. Another fundamental reconstruction took place shortly after the turn of the millennium.
The largest airlines based in Germany
Airlines are mainly divided into the areas of passenger transport, freight transport, charter flights and ambulance services. In addition, there are further gradations such as military and government service providers and also subdivisions into e.g. low-cost airlines. In addition, there are charter companies which partly or exclusively carry out individual flights on behalf of the customer.
By far the largest German airline is the formerly state-owned Lufthansa, which has been fully privatized since 1997. It takes on tasks from all the areas mentioned above. Cargo flights are carried out both by the airline and by its subsidiary Lufthansa Cargo. Its hubs are at the major airports of Frankfurt and Munich, from where other international airlines also offer a large proportion of intercontinental flights.