Gross debt in France

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in France in the period from 1998 to 2018 was between 786.6 billion and 2,315.3 billion Euro. The highest level of the last years at 2,315.30 billion Euro was reached in 2018.

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in France a debt of 34,502 Euro per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 24,814 Euro.


Back to overview: France

Gross debt of the past 20 years in billion Euro




JahrFrance totalEuropean Union totalFrance per capitaEuropean Union per capita
1998786.61 bn €542.28 bn €13,070 €11,144 €
1999804.50 bn €564.55 bn €13,298 €11,580 €
2000826.39 bn €569.72 bn €13,567 €11,669 €
2001851.58 bn €585.17 bn €13,879 €11,966 €
2002910.87 bn €601.06 bn €14,738 €12,260 €
20031,003.35 bn €626.46 bn €16,119 €12,731 €
20041,124.58 bn €673.97 bn €17,934 €13,642 €
20051,189.82 bn €711.45 bn €18,832 €14,344 €
20061,194.11 bn €737.12 bn €18,769 €14,806 €
20071,252.87 bn €747.91 bn €19,571 €14,964 €
20081,370.33 bn €794.75 bn €21,287 €15,842 €
20091,607.98 bn €903.82 bn €24,850 €17,962 €
20101,701.12 bn €1,014.27 bn €26,160 €20,112 €
20111,807.96 bn €1,078.12 bn €27,669 €21,391 €
20121,892.54 bn €1,132.19 bn €28,823 €22,415 €
20131,977.73 bn €1,167.12 bn €29,966 €23,038 €
20142,039.88 bn €1,218.04 bn €30,760 €23,968 €
20152,101.26 bn €1,254.07 bn €31,554 €24,603 €
20162,188.48 bn €1,247.85 bn €32,732 €24,409 €
20172,258.66 bn €1,257.98 bn €33,658 €24,549 €
20182,315.30 bn €1,271.52 bn €34,502 €24,814 €


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      France       European Union


Budget deficit in France

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget deficit in France in the period between 1998 and 2018 varied between 21.02 billion Euro and 138.93 billion Euro. In 2018 was reached a balance of -60 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 888 Euro per capita in France only in 2018. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 194 Euro.


Budget deficit of the past 20 years

JahrFrance totalEuropean Union totalFrance per capitaEuropean Union per capita
1998-34.24 bn €-153.24 bn €-569 €-315 €
1999-24.14 bn €-82.11 bn €-399 €-168 €
2000-21.02 bn €52.06 bn €-345 €107 €
2001-23.17 bn €-143.52 bn €-378 €-293 €
2002-48.70 bn €-257.29 bn €-788 €-525 €
2003-65.39 bn €-321.17 bn €-1,051 €-653 €
2004-59.69 bn €-320.91 bn €-952 €-650 €
2005-56.09 bn €-287.69 bn €-888 €-580 €
2006-45.16 bn €-197.73 bn €-710 €-397 €
2007-51.18 bn €-115.05 bn €-799 €-230 €
2008-65.03 bn €-325.54 bn €-1,010 €-649 €
2009-138.93 bn €-813.10 bn €-2,147 €-1,616 €
2010-137.41 bn €-821.13 bn €-2,113 €-1,628 €
2011-106.10 bn €-603.66 bn €-1,624 €-1,198 €
2012-104.04 bn €-574.22 bn €-1,585 €-1,137 €
2013-86.47 bn €-450.90 bn €-1,310 €-890 €
2014-83.94 bn €-406.19 bn €-1,266 €-799 €
2015-79.70 bn €-346.32 bn €-1,197 €-679 €
2016-79.12 bn €-248.75 bn €-1,183 €-487 €
2017-63.60 bn €-154.01 bn €-948 €-301 €
2018-59.56 bn €-99.20 bn €-888 €-194 €

(negative numbers = deficit)