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Gross debt in France

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in France in the period from 1998 to 2019 was between 762.7 bn and 2,733.9 bn USD. The hightest level within the past 21 years was reached in 2018. However, the liabilities in 2019 have been only 2,664.46 bn USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in France a debt of 39,621 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 32,690 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 21 years in billion USD




JahrFrance totalFrance per capitaEU per capita
1998874.32 bn USD14,527 USD12,387 USD
1999857.43 bn USD14,173 USD12,342 USD
2000763.26 bn USD12,530 USD10,778 USD
2001762.67 bn USD12,430 USD10,717 USD
2002861.32 bn USD13,936 USD11,593 USD
20031,134.99 bn USD18,234 USD14,402 USD
20041,398.87 bn USD22,309 USD16,970 USD
20051,480.25 bn USD23,429 USD17,846 USD
20061,499.32 bn USD23,566 USD18,591 USD
20071,717.05 bn USD26,822 USD20,509 USD
20082,015.48 bn USD31,308 USD23,520 USD
20092,242.81 bn USD34,661 USD25,266 USD
20102,255.18 bn USD34,680 USD30,683 USD
20112,516.68 bn USD38,515 USD34,278 USD
20122,431.54 bn USD37,032 USD33,161 USD
20132,626.63 bn USD39,798 USD35,247 USD
20142,709.99 bn USD40,867 USD36,694 USD
20152,331.34 bn USD35,032 USD31,489 USD
20162,422.43 bn USD36,305 USD31,202 USD
20172,551.56 bn USD38,130 USD32,052 USD
20182,733.88 bn USD40,742 USD33,816 USD
20192,664.46 bn USD39,621 USD32,690 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      France       European Union


Budget deficit in France

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget deficit in France in the period between 1998 and 2019 varied between 19.41 bn Euro and 193.79 bn Euro. In 2019 was reached a balance of -81.73 bn Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 1,215 Euro per capita in France only in 2019. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 332 Euro.


Budget deficit of the past 21 years

JahrFrance totalFrance per capitaEU per capita
1998-38.06 bn USD-632 USD-350 USD
1999-25.73 bn USD-425 USD-180 USD
2000-19.41 bn USD-319 USD98 USD
2001-20.75 bn USD-338 USD-263 USD
2002-46.05 bn USD-745 USD-496 USD
2003-73.97 bn USD-1,188 USD-738 USD
2004-74.25 bn USD-1,184 USD-808 USD
2005-69.78 bn USD-1,104 USD-722 USD
2006-56.71 bn USD-891 USD-499 USD
2007-70.14 bn USD-1,096 USD-315 USD
2008-95.64 bn USD-1,486 USD-951 USD
2009-193.79 bn USD-2,995 USD-2,252 USD
2010-182.16 bn USD-2,801 USD-2,486 USD
2011-147.70 bn USD-2,260 USD-1,907 USD
2012-133.67 bn USD-2,036 USD-1,689 USD
2013-114.84 bn USD-1,740 USD-1,354 USD
2014-111.52 bn USD-1,682 USD-1,226 USD
2015-88.42 bn USD-1,329 USD-871 USD
2016-89.95 bn USD-1,348 USD-620 USD
2017-76.78 bn USD-1,147 USD-406 USD
2018-63.87 bn USD-952 USD-288 USD
2019-81.73 bn USD-1,215 USD-332 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)