Transport and infrastructure in Finland

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Finland with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Finland ranks 5th in the world with 1.07 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,923 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 10.27 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 4.53 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 1,250 km of coastline. In 2020, about 1.53 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Finland

Back to overview: Finland

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 454,000 km. For each of the country's 5.53 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 82.10 meters. This puts Finland in 3rd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 16 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 252 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Finland is considered very safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 4.6 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Finland, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways454,000 km82,104.43 km1,341.41 m
Railroads5,900 km1,071.16 km17.50 m
Waterways8,000 km1,446.77 km23.64 m
Commercial harbors27249.190.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,142.23 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km429.54 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.26 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.400.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Finland: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in FinlandThe 17 biggest airports and 7 airlines in Finland with further information and data
Finland: ClimateClimate and temperature development in FinlandA climate analysis for Finland incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing