Sunset Finland

Sunrise and sunset in Finland

Sunrise today: 8:23 h
Sunset today: 16:45 h
(Times for Helsinki)

Finland is the easternmost country in Scandinavia. This high position on the globe also determines the course of the sun. In general, the days are considerably longer in summer and much shorter in winter than in Central Europe, for example. Even in Helsinki in the south, a day in June lasts about 19 hours. In the winter months, however, Finland is very far from the sun and it becomes not only cold but also dark. The sunlight shines in December in the capital for only 6 hours. It gets even more extreme in the north of the country.

Who wants to look at the sunrise during these days, can take it easy. Late by 8:23 the sun rises in Helsinki. The early sunset at 16:45 makes the day currently a bit too short.

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Average length of day in Helsinki

The following graph shows the times of sunrise and sunset over the course of the year. The duration of twilight can be seen at the top and bottom edges. The vertical offset between March and October shows the effect of daylight saving time, when the time is set one hour ahead.Average length of day in Helsinki
      sunshine duration       twilight phase

Sunrise and sunset in the most important cities of Finland

Sunset FinlandThe cities are ordered by their geographic position from east to west, so in an approximate direction of the sun's course. Since the orbit around the sun is elliptical, sunrise or sunset never happen on a whole longitude at the same time. All data given for February 5th., localtime in Finland

CitySunriseSunsetHours of daylight
Joensuu08:16 am04:12 pm7:56 h
Lappeenranta08:14 am04:27 pm8:13 h
Kuopio08:26 am04:19 pm7:53 h
Kotka08:16 am04:35 pm8:19 h
Jyväskylä08:30 am04:31 pm8:00 h
Lahti08:24 am04:38 pm8:14 h
Oulu08:49 am04:14 pm7:25 h
Vantaa08:23 am04:44 pm8:21 h
Helsinki08:23 am04:45 pm8:22 h
Espoo08:24 am04:46 pm8:22 h
Hämeenlinna08:29 am04:43 pm8:14 h
Tampere08:34 am04:43 pm8:09 h
Turku08:35 am04:54 pm8:19 h
Pori08:42 am04:51 pm8:09 h
Vaasa08:52 am04:42 pm7:50 h

Effect of the Arctic Circle

Finland stretches some 1300 km into the far north - almost to the Arctic Ocean. At about two thirds of the distance, the Arctic Circle crosses the country at Rovaniemi (Lapland). Santa Claus and his reindeer shake hands here; you won't find many people above the Arctic Circle. There is a reason for this, because north of the 66th parallel the sun does not set in summer and does not rise in winter.

Near the Arctic Circle, this effect is not yet as obvious as in the more northern parts of the country. The northernmost tip of Finland lies on the 70th parallel. Theoretically, you can still see a small part of the sun there during the night of the summer solstice, and at the winter solstice the sun is still visible as a crescent above the horizon during the day. However, the scattering of light intensifies the perceived impression. The nights in midsummer just seem like a slight twilight. In winter, it's not pitch black all day, but you need light all the time, and the all-enveloping darkness strikes many people.

Also in the southern regions the twilight is different than in countries near the equator. In the graph above, you can clearly see that twilight lasts much longer towards the middle of the year, even in Helsinki. From mid-May to the end of July, it clearly extends past midnight and lasts for hours.

Even further north, in Norway at the North Cape or the Spitsbergen archipelago, it is actually light or dark for days.

Sunrise and sunset by month (Helsinki)

MonthSunriseSunsetHours of daylight
January09:06 am03:52 pm6:46 h
February07:57 am05:11 pm9:15 h
March06:35 am06:23 pm11:48 h
April06:01 am08:39 pm14:38 h
May04:38 am09:54 pm17:16 h
June03:50 am10:50 pm18:60 h
July04:18 am10:33 pm18:15 h
August05:31 am09:18 pm15:48 h
September06:45 am07:45 pm13:00 h
October07:57 am06:14 pm10:18 h
November08:15 am03:53 pm7:38 h
December09:15 am03:15 pm5:60 h

Where does the sun rise in Finland?

The sun always rises in the east, everywhere and regardless of the country or continent. The easternmost city in Finland is Ilomantsi in the greater region of North Karelia. There, the sun rises at 8:12 am and sets at 4:07 pm these days. The latest sunset is currently experienced in the west in the city of Korsnäs (Central Finland) at 16:46.

Duration of the sunset

The distance from the equator and the path of the sun determines not only the time of sunrise and sunset. The farther a country is from the equator, the more oblique the sun's path is to the horizon, causing sunset to last for a different duration. Helsinki lies on the 60th degree of northern latitude and is therefore very far away from the equator. While a sunset near the equator lasts only about 20 minutes, in Finland, this period averages 63 minutes. In June, it's about 69 minutes in Helsinki, while in December it's 56 minutes.

International cities for comparison

CitySunriseSunsetHours of daylight
Berlin (Germany)07:39 am05:01 pm9:21 h
New York (USA)07:01 am05:18 pm10:17 h
Sydney (Australia)06:18 am07:59 pm13:40 h
Manila (Philippines)06:22 am05:57 pm11:35 h
Moscow (Russia)08:13 am05:13 pm8:59 h
Shanghai (China)06:42 am05:33 pm10:51 h

Countries with DSTAll Countries with DSTA summary of all countries that currently observe Daylight Saving Time with further info on introductions and upcoming changes.
Portugal: TimezonesTimezones and time changes in PortugalThe two timezones AZOT and WET in Portugal (UTC-1 and UTC+0)
New Zealand: TourismDevelopment and importance of tourism for New ZealandInternational travelers and tourism sector revenues from 1995-2020 in New Zealand, including comparison with other countries in Australia/New Zealand