Energy consumption in Estonia

The most important measure in the energy balance of Estonia is the total consumption of
8.16 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 6,200 kWh.


Estonia could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 10 bn kWh, which is 120% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Estonia is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricityTotalEstonia
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption8.16 bn kWh6,200.08 kWh5,412.25 kWh
Production9.78 bn kWh7,432.04 kWh5,831.12 kWh
Import3.57 bn kWh2,715.48 kWh731.24 kWh
Export5.61 bn kWh4,265.88 kWh719.23 kWh



Carbon footprint

TotalEstonia
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 201419.52 m t14.83 t5.40 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1992 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourceTotal
in Estonia
percentage
in Estonia
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Estonia
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels18.97 bn kWh75,6 %48,9 %14,414.92 kWh7,994.86 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,2 %0.00 kWh1,185.87 kWh
Water power50.18 m kWh0,2 %23,4 %38.13 kWh3,829.91 kWh
Renewable energy6.30 bn kWh25,1 %16,2 %4,785.91 kWh2,655.34 kWh
Total production capacity25.09 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %19,067.36 kWh16,362.15 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 34.4 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: