The climate in Czechia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 36 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1450m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Czechia

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in Czechia is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climate conditions. It is cold and wet with some nice summer months. It rarely gets really warm up here. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is South Moravian. The coldest is Moravskoslezský. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from December to February.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Czechia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Czechia
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Czechia
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Czechia
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Czechia
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Czechia

Regions in Czechia

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Ústecký12.5 °C4.6 °C1,752 h115 719 l
Vysocina12.5 °C3.9 °C1,716 h109 672 l
Karlovarský11.7 °C3.7 °C1,643 h126 788 l
Královéhradecký13.1 °C4.0 °C1,643 h130 734 l
Moravskoslezský11.0 °C3.1 °C1,679 h122 1,044 l
Central Bohemia12.5 °C4.2 °C1,752 h112 683 l
Olomoucký14.1 °C5.0 °C1,825 h91 591 l
Pardubický12.7 °C3.8 °C1,752 h108 624 l
Plzensky12.0 °C3.5 °C1,752 h122 829 l
Praha14.3 °C5.4 °C1,789 h91 526 l
Liberecký13.4 °C4.9 °C1,752 h120 745 l
Jihocesky13.0 °C4.5 °C1,825 h112 686 l
South Moravian14.4 °C5.1 °C1,862 h94 584 l
Zlín12.6 °C3.9 °C1,789 h112 887 l

Temperature records of the last 74 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to January 2023 was reported by the Praha Libus weather station. In August 2012, the record temperature of 39.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 12 weather stations in Czechia below 1,450 meters altitude, was recorded in 1994 with an average temperature of 18.5 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 16.2 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 24.7 °C.

The coldest day in these 74 years was reported by the Ostrava weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -27.0 °C in January 2006. Ostrava lies at an altitude of 260 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of -5.0 °C. In Czechia, it is usual to have about 5.2 degrees more at 0.2 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in May 2010. With 19.0 mm per day, the Lysa Hora weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 74 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Lysa Hora. The driest region is near Brno Sokolnice.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1950 - 2022

In contrast to single record values, long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. An average value would give a distorted result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and distorts the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1950 to 2022, there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Praha). From these weather reports, we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2006 at 22.1 °C. February 1956 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -11.7 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 8.3 °C in the years after 1950 and about 9.8 °C in the last years before 2022. So in less than 73 years, it has increased by about 1.5 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Czechia. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Czechia

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 12 stations in Czechia itself. In 24 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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