Transport and infrastructure in Albania

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Albania with the average of all countries in Europe. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Albania ranks 59th in the world with 0.24 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 677 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 25.12 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 812,000 passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 362 km of coastline. In 2019, about 145,762 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Albania

Back to overview: Albania

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 3,945 km. For each of the country's 2.81 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.40 meters. This puts Albania in 188th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 98 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 365 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Albania is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to 12.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Albania, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,900 km1,403.08 km137.22 m
Railroads700 km240.78 km23.55 m
Waterways41 km14.58 km1.43 m
Commercial harbors7024.900.002


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Albania: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in AlbaniaThe biggest airports and 2 airlines in Albania with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Albania: ClimateClimate details in AlbaniaA climate analysis for Albania incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing