Zimbabwe Dollar

Countries with the American Dollar

The American dollar was introduced as the official currency of the United States in 1785 and is used as official currency in 16 countries. In addition, there are numerous countries where the U.S. dollar is readily accepted even in regular retail transactions. Internationally, it has established itself as a reserve currency and is the most traded currency in the world.

ISO 4127:

List of all currencies

1.00 US Dollar = 0.96 Euro
(date: 07/02/2022)

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Exchange rate history 1 USD in EUR

The graph shown here shows the exchange rate development from January 2016 to July 2022. The exchange rate for 1 USD developed during this time from EUR 0.90 to EUR 0.96. In these 78 months it rose by 6.1%.

Divisions and denominations

1 U.S. dollar is equivalent to 4 quarters, 10 dimes, 20 nickels, 100 cents or even 1000 mill. The $1 piece is also colloquially known as a "buck." The $10 bill as an Eagle. While these terms are quite common within the U.S., the terms of the dime, nickel and eagle have never been officially established. Calling the dollar a "greenback" dates back to the time of the first bills around 1861, when it was given the distinctive green color.

The largest actually existing bill bears the portrait of Woodrow Wilson and has a value of 100,000 USD. Even though it is still legal tender today, it was never in circulation, but was merely exchanged between central banks starting in 1934. The largest banknote still printed today is the $100 bill. All bills with higher denominations were withdrawn by the Federal Reserve Bank in 1945.

US Dollar as currency

American SamoaPolynesia
British Virgin IslandsCaribbean
EcuadorSouth America
El SalvadorCentral America
East TimorSoutheast Asia
Marshall IslandsMicronesia
Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia
Northern Mariana IslandsMicronesia
Puerto RicoCaribbean
Turks and Caicos IslandsCaribbean
United StatesNorth America
Virgin IslandsCaribbean
British Indian Ocean TerritoryEastern Africa
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and SabaCaribbean

Currencies with a fixed exchange rate to the US Dollar

Arabic Dirham1 USD = 3.6725 AED
Netherlands Antillean Guilder1 USD = 1.7900 ANG
Guilder1 USD = 1.7900 AWG
Barbadian Dollar1 USD = 2.0000 BBD
Bahrain Dinar1 USD = 0.3760 BHD
Bermudian Dollar1 USD = 1 BMD
Bahamian Dollar1 USD = 1 BSD
Belize Dollar1 USD = 2.0000 BZD
Cuban Peso1 USD = 1 CUP
Djibouti Franc1 USD = 177.7210 DJF
Nakfa1 USD = 10.0000 ERN
Hong Kong Dollar1 USD = 7.8000 HKD
Jordanian Dinar1 USD = 0.7090 JOD
Kuwaiti Dinar1 USD = 0.2996 KWD
Cayman Dollar1 USD = 0.8333 KYD
Lebanese Pound1 USD = 1,507.5000 LBP
Omani Rial1 USD = 0.3845 OMR
Panamanian Balboa1 USD = 1 PAB
Qatari Rial1 USD = 3.6400 QAR
Saudi Rial1 USD = 3.7500 SAR
Bolívar fuerte1 USD = 10.0000 VEF
East Caribbean Dollar1 USD = 2.7000 XCD

Euro as currency

NetherlandsWestern Europe
AndorraSouthern Europe
BelgiumWestern Europe
SpainSouthern Europe
IrelandNorthern Europe
ItalySouthern Europe
AustriaWestern Europe
GreeceSouthern Europe
CyprusWestern Asia
LatviaNorthern Europe
LithuaniaNorthern Europe
LuxembourgWestern Europe
MaltaSouthern Europe
MayotteEastern Africa
Principality of MonacoWestern Europe
PortugalSouthern Europe
FranceWestern Europe
French GuianaSouth America
ReunionEastern Africa
Saint Pierre and MiquelonNorth America
GermanyWestern Europe
San MarinoSouthern Europe
SlovakiaEastern Europe
SloveniaSouthern Europe
FinlandNorthern Europe
Vatican CitySouthern Europe
EstoniaNorthern Europe
French Southern and Antarctic LandsAntarctica
MontenegroSouthern Europe
Saint BarthelemyCaribbean
KosovoSouthern Europe
Åland IslandsNorthern Europe
Saint MartinCaribbean

Currency reserves for the US Dollar

According to the International Monetary Fund, the total broad money (M3) amounted to USD 23,301.05 trillion at the end of 2020 (data only for the USA). For currency hedging, reserves were held in a total amount of 628.37 billion Dollars. This corresponds to a ratio of 1:37.1. In other words: Not even 1 of 38 Dollars is deposited with a countervalue.

Approximately 417.61 billion Dollars (66.5%) of the currency reserves exist in gold reserves, the remainder consists of foreign currencies, special drawing rights in the International Monetary Fund and other reserve positions.

Worldwide currency and gold reserves

Average dollar rate

Uniform reference rates (average dollar exchange rate per year) are determined and published by the European Central Bank for each calendar year. These annual average rates subsequently form a uniform basis for converting the U.S. dollar into euros for numerous indicators.

The reference rate for year 2022 has not yet been determined. Since the beginning of the year, it would be around 1.0930 USD.

YearReference rate for 1 Euro =
20101.3257 USD
20111.3920 USD
20121.2848 USD
20131.3281 USD
20141.3285 USD
20151.1095 USD
20161.1069 USD
20171.1297 USD
20181.1810 USD
20191.1195 USD
20201.1422 USD
20211.1827 USD
2022 (expected)1.0930 USD


All conversion rates are based on data from the European Central Bank.
Data on currency and gold reserves are from the International Monetary Fund.
Currency reservesCurrency and gold reserves worldwideReserve assets and gold holdings in proportion to the money stock. An international comparison of currency hedging.
Comparison: average incomeAverage income around the worldA comparison of the average income per capita over 69 countries worldwide
Comparison: Cost of livingCost of living in a global comparisonRanking of international living costs from 110 countries compared to the US