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Country comparison

Hungary

Romania

Hungary
All information: Hungary
 
Romania
All information: Romania
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Hungary and Romania. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 HungaryRomania
Region:Eastern EuropeEastern Europe
Area:93,030 km²238,400 km²
Official language:HungarianRomanian
Government form:Parliamentary republicSemi-presidential republic
Independent since:1918 AD1878 AD
Capital:BudapestBucharest

Population

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HungaryRomania
Population:9,710,00019,115,000
Inhabitants/km²:104.480.2
Life expectancy males:Ø 72 yearsØ 71 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 79 yearsØ 78 years
Average age:Ø 43.6 yearsØ 42.5 years
Birthrate:9.60 ‰9.20 ‰
Deathrate:14.50 ‰15.40 ‰
Migrationrate:1.23 ‰-4.36 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life

 HungaryRomania
Political stability:7064
Civil rights:5757
Health:8173
Climate:4337
Cost of Living:5668
Popularity:4824

Economy

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HungaryRomania
Currency:Hungarian Forint
(1 HUF = 100 Fillér)
Leu
(1 RON =100 Bani)
Unemployment rate:4.1 %5.2 %
Inflation rate:5.11 %5.05 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
57.31 %47.41 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:37.90 %20.00 %
Average income:17,740 US$14,170 US$
Corruption index:57 (bad)55 (bad)


 HUN:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:182,281 M US$18.77 M US$284,088 M US$14.86 M US$
Gross national product:172,241 M US$17.74 M US$270,873 M US$14.17 M US$
Exported goods:148,183 M US$15.26 M US$115,913 M US$6.06 M US$
Imported goods:146,701 M US$15.11 M US$131,958 M US$6.90 M US$
Gross debt:135,874 M US$13.99 M US$137,924 M US$7.22 M US$
Budget deficit:12,348 M US$1.27 M US$20,180 M US$1.06 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HUN:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:203,601 km20.97 km84,185 km4.40 km
Railways:7,588 km0.78 km10,759 km0.56 km
Waterways:1,622 km0.17 km1,731 km0.09 km
Harbours:10.00011210.0063
Passenger airports:40.0004140.0007

Energy balance

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HUN:
total
per 1000
inh.
ROU:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:39.37 bn kWh4.05 m kWh49.64 bn kWh2.60 m kWh
Energy production:30.22 bn kWh3.11 m kWh61.78 bn kWh3.23 m kWh
Energy export:5.24 bn kWh539,656.18 kWh11.22 bn kWh586,969.10 kWh
Energy imports:17.95 bn kWh1.85 m kWh4.18 bn kWh218,517.82 kWh
CO2 emissions:46.38 m t4,776.58 t73.95 m t3,868.66 t

Telecommunication

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HungaryRomania
International dialing:+36+40
Internet domain:.hu.ro

 HUN
total
HUN
per 1000
inh.
ROU
total
ROU
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:2,970,3473063,025,000158
Mobile cellulars:10,332,660106422,592,0001182
Internet server:3,145,0003242,667,000140
Internet users:8,231,18284814,996,839785
Broadband Internet:3,265,3083365,684,782297

Healthcare system

Details for Hungary and Romania

 HungaryRomania
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:7.016.89
Physicians per 1000 inh.:3.232.26
Diabetes:6.9 %6.9 %
HIV:0.04 %0.08 %
Tuberculosis:0.05 ‰0.64 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:65.0 %84.0 %
Smokers:31.8 %28.0 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Hungary and Romania

 HungaryRomania
Daytime temperatures:16.5 °C15.9 °C
Nighttime temperatures:6.5 °C6.0 °C
Rel. humidity:75 %78 %
Rain days:7.17.3
Sunshine hours per day:5.95.8

Native languages

 HungaryRomania
Romanian:1.0 %85.4 %
Hungarian:84.6 %6.3 %
Slovakian:1.2 %n/a
Romany:0.8 %1.2 %
Serbian:1.1 %n/a
Croatian:0.9 %n/a
German:0.7 %0.4 %
Ukrainian:n/a0.4 %
other:9.7 %6.3 %

Religions

 HungaryRomania
Christianity:52.8 %92.6 %
Nondenominational:18.2 %0.2 %
Jewry:0.5 %n/a
other:28.5 %7.2 %


Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.