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Country comparison

Germany

United Kingdom

Germany
All information: Germany
 
United Kingdom
All information: United Kingdom
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Germany and United Kingdom. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Region:Western EuropeNorthern Europe
Area:357,580 km²243,610 km²
Official language:GermanEnglish
Government form:Federal parliamentary republicParliamentary constitutional monarchy
Independent since:1955 AD1066 AD
Capital:BerlinLondon

Population

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Population:83,129,00067,327,000
Inhabitants/km²:232.5276.4
Life expectancy males:Ø 79 yearsØ 79 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 83 yearsØ 83 years
Average age:Ø 47.8 yearsØ 40.6 years
Birthrate:9.30 ‰10.20 ‰
Deathrate:11.90 ‰10.40 ‰
Migrationrate:1.78 ‰3.59 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Political stability:8276
Civil rights:9491
Health:9678
Climate:216
Cost of Living:4434
Popularity:4244

Economy

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Currency: Euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
Sterling Pound
(1 GBP =100 Pence)
Unemployment rate:3.5 %4.5 %
Inflation rate:3.14 %2.52 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
92.29 %107.86 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:48.80 %30.60 %
Average income:51,040 US$45,380 US$
Corruption index:20 (good)22 (good)


 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
GBR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:4,223,116 M US$50.80 M US$3,186,860 M US$47.33 M US$
Gross national product:4,242,859 M US$51.04 M US$3,055,334 M US$45.38 M US$
Exported goods:2,003,462 M US$24.10 M US$859,700 M US$12.77 M US$
Imported goods:1,774,553 M US$21.35 M US$899,629 M US$13.36 M US$
Gross debt:2,737,158 M US$32.93 M US$2,628,782 M US$39.05 M US$
Budget deficit:171,782 M US$2.07 M US$69,008 M US$1.02 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
GBR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:625,000 km7.52 km394,428 km5.86 km
Railways:33,422 km0.40 km16,837 km0.25 km
Waterways:7,467 km0.09 km3,200 km0.05 km
Harbours:5990.00721,2490.0186
Passenger airports:370.0004590.0009

Energy balance

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 DEU:
total
per 1000
inh.
GBR:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:536.50 bn kWh6.45 m kWh309.20 bn kWh4.59 m kWh
Energy production:612.80 bn kWh7.37 m kWh318.20 bn kWh4.73 m kWh
Energy export:78.86 bn kWh948,642.83 kWh2.15 bn kWh31,978.46 kWh
Energy imports:28.34 bn kWh340,914.76 kWh19.70 bn kWh292,603.65 kWh
CO2 emissions:657.40 m t7,908.16 t348.92 m t5,182.50 t

Telecommunication

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
International dialing:+49+44
Internet domain:.de.uk

 DEU
total
DEU
per 1000
inh.
GBR
total
GBR
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:38,300,00046132,037,000476
Mobile cellulars:107,400,000129279,007,0001173
Internet server:20,043,0002418,107,000120
Internet users:74,660,85689863,837,842948
Broadband Internet:36,215,30343627,330,297406

Healthcare system

Details for Germany and the United Kingdom

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:8.002.46
Physicians per 1000 inh.:4.212.81
Diabetes:10.4 %3.9 %
Tuberculosis:0.06 ‰0.07 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:69.0 %78.0 %
Smokers:22.0 %15.4 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Germany and United Kingdom

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Daytime temperatures:13.6 °C12.9 °C
Nighttime temperatures:5.5 °C7.0 °C
Water temperature:9.9 °C10.1 °C
Rel. humidity:79 %85 %
Rain days:9.813.0
Sunshine hours per day:4.73.8

Native languages

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
English:n/a97.3 %
German:90.1 %n/a
Russian:3.6 %n/a
Turkish:2.6 %n/a
South Slavic languages:1.4 %n/a
Kymri:n/a0.9 %
Italian:0.7 %n/a
Greek:0.4 %n/a
Polish:0.3 %n/a
Gaeli:n/a0.1 %
other:0.9 %1.7 %

Religions

 GermanyUnited Kingdom
Christianity:58.5 %67.0 %
Nondenominational:31.0 %25.7 %
Islam:4.7 %4.4 %
Hinduism:0.1 %1.3 %
Jewry:0.1 %0.4 %
Sikhism:n/a0.4 %
Buddhism:0.3 %n/a
Yazidism:0.3 %n/a
other:5.1 %0.8 %


Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.